The new network will improve data delivery and allow for a more efficient city in the use of water and energy, which could help to achieve carbon neutrality.
Smart cities or smart cities use information to guarantee sustainable social, economic and environmental development. This was stated at the meeting “The Challenges of the Green Smart City”, by Diario Financiero and Enel X.
Pelayo Covarrubias, president of Fundación País Digital, points out that today the challenge to reach the “green” smart city is to use data and information to achieve carbon neutrality. For the expert, the new communications infrastructure that would bring the fifth generation optical fiber, 5G, will allow “a much deeper development of what a green smart city is”.
This implies an improvement in the data that the city provides, up to an increase in the use of the Internet of Things (IoT) in the electricity networks, in the water networks and in the service companies, which are part of the matrix of the city that can be improved with 5G and that could help in carbon neutrality.
A perspective shared by Paulina Cataldo, CEO and co-founder of the startup Acción Circular, who affirms that 5G “will be able to admit several connected devices in the same place, improve these data measurements and make better decisions in the city”.
He points out that it is also possible to prevent the waste of water through maintenance of the gutters and calculate the excess of luminosity to save energy. “5G allows spinning, taking measurements and data in many aspects of a city and the data allows us to have a baseline and understand where we are today and where there is inefficiency,” says Cataldo.
Covarrubias says that, once 5G is integrated in cities, there will be a “sensorization of all the elements that we occupy in the city”, such as parking meters, garbage containers and power lines, which would translate into improvements in the vehicular flow and intelligent use of electricity.
Karla Zapata, manager of Enel X, meanwhile, states that the new network should enhance artificial intelligence for the management of information on services, such as transport, lighting and security, although “I do not see it as something that will happen in the next three years, it is a path that we are going to have to travel ”.
He adds that it will also contribute to the decontamination of cities with better traffic management by having data on how many cars are mobilized in the city. “If you have 5G and you have a platform that will help citizens identify services, you could quickly know where there is a nearby parking lot and avoid turns and burning fuel,” says Zapata.