The Biodiversity Conference of the United Nations (UN), known as COP15, approved this Wednesday, at the end of its high-level session, the Kunming Declaration, by which the participants commit to the implementation of mechanisms to strengthen the protection of biodiversity.
The document takes its name from the Chinese city where COP15 is in session, head of the Yunnan province (southwest).
Among the commitments included in it are to strengthen national environmental laws and their compliance to protect biodiversity, or the reform or elimination of subsidies and other incentives (to finance actions) that are harmful to biodiversity.
In the same way, it indicates the promise of increasing actions to reduce the negative effects of human activities in the ocean and increase the application of a strategy that respects the ecosystem to address the loss of biodiversity.
COP15 en #China approved Kunming Declaration. Participants commit to a series of mechanisms to reinforce the protection of biodiversity, strengthen environmental laws and reform or eliminate subsidies to finance actions harmful to biodiversity pic.twitter.com/qkVt91CHu6
– Iramsy Peraza (@IramsyteleSUR)
October 13, 2021
The signatory countries, more than 190, also commit to restoring degraded ecosystems as long as these methods do not contravene priority actions to urgently reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
According to the text, these efforts are aimed at ensuring that biodiversity is on the road to recovery by 2030 at the latest, with a view to achieving the goal of “living in harmony with nature” by 2050, an issue on which no contribution was made. details.
In a special mention to post-pandemic recovery, the signatories commit themselves that the recovery policies of their respective countries contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
The rate of loss of species of animals and plants is now the highest in ten million years, so politicians, scientists and experts have tried to lay the foundations for a new pact to save biodiversity.
The summit, which is held virtually until next Friday, is the first part of the XV Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity.
The second part is expected to take place in person in the same city between April 25 and May 8, 2022.