Britain will face more floods and droughts, rising sea levels and higher pressures on water resources due to climate change, the country’s Environment Agency warns in a report to the British government.
In the run-up to the big COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, the state agency warns that adapting to the already inevitable effects of climate change is as important as actions to reduce emissions and curb global warming.
According to Environment Agency President Emma Howard Boyd, the country is faced with the option of “adapting or dying”, warning that deadly floods like the one in Germany would recently hit England without adjustment.
The Environment Agency says it cannot protect everyone from the increased risk of flooding and that traditional flood defenses will not prevent flooding and coastal erosion.
The report emphasizes that climate change will intensify the pressure on England’s water resources, which are already affected by pollution and increased demand, a pressure that will also contribute to population growth. This means that without further action between 2025 and 2050, more than 3.4 billion liters of water per day will be needed more than today to make reserves sufficient.
With an average global temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius, the Environment Agency warns that a smaller increase than the one that threatens the Earth with the current data, the amount of rain in England by 2050 will increase by about 6% in winter and will decrease by 15% in the summer.
Water levels in London are estimated to rise by 23 to 29 centimeters by 2050 and by 45 centimeters by 2080 or even 78 centimeters if global warming approaches 3 degrees Celsius.