Charles Darwin 20211123

The November 24 the world celebrates the Evolution Day, to remember the publication of the masterpiece of Charles Darwin, The origin of species. Although Darwin published 17 works, that was the one that gave him the most fame and that he began to write in notebooks, starting in 1837.

While everyone in the scientific world knows that he did not invent the evolution, they all took it for granted and stopped arguing about it. The first to raise the question had been another naturalist, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829), including his own grandfather, Erasmus Darwin and above all, Alfred Russel Wallace who raised the theory of the natural selection working on your own.

The Lethe River went through this whole thing. It was often argued that the theory should be called Wallace-Darwin. Over the years, the nomenclature changed to Darwin-Wallace until finally when they went through the fifth edition of the work, in 1869, everyone forgot about the issue and Alfred Wallace’s ownership of the matter.

Charles Darwin and evolution

Some documents of contemporaries of Darwin they even realize that the famous naturalist used to say “My theory” even in front of Wallace who, as authentic English lordHe remained silent as he ulcerated.

The upright, bipedal primate, Charles Darwin, biologist and genius in Evolution.

While the untamed beard of Darwin, devoted to his own evolution, reached unimaginable excesses, Thomas Henry Huxley, paleontologist and specialist in comparative anatomy, grandfather of the famous author of A happy world, was a vehement defender and commentator on the work of “his teacher”. In his day he was even called “Darwin’s bulldog”.

The perspective of time makes another piece of information interesting. In 1869, Sir Francis Galton, cousin of Charles Darwin, public Hereditary genius, a volume that is considered the kickoff for measure human intelligence and the mental faculties. Galton even founded a scientific journal, Biometrics, who spoke of these matters. Child prodigy, self-taught, inventor, meteorologist and adventurer, all this attractive side of his personality is shattered when he remembers that Galton also invented eugenics, a discipline that tried to apply biological laws to perfect the human species.

Eugenics proposed manipulating inherited traits so that more healthy and intelligent people were born. Francis Galton thought that a aristocratic english gentleman had a privileged social position because his outstanding qualities they justified it. At the same time, he lamented that, with so many virtues, they had few children, while “poor beggars “ had so many.

Francis Galton coined the phrase “nature versus nature” and he explained it in 1908, when he proposed that the British aristocracy – himself, his cousin Darwin, and their select circle – consider the humanitarian objective of eugenics ”:“ I conceive that it falls within its competence replace natural selection with other processes May they be more merciful and not less effective… Natural selection is based on overproduction and wholesale destruction; Eugenics consists of not bringing into the world more individuals than those who can be properly cared for, and only the best”.

That is, a natural selection, but that he only had in mind to reproduce the model of the Anglo-Saxon whites. Sir Frances Galton already said in 1905 that there were “weak nations that should give way to the noblest varieties of humanity”; ergo, the British or, if we generalize, the imperialism.

Evolution Day Charles Darwin 20211123
Galapagos Islands, a paradise frozen in time in the evolution of species.

That is, through the eugenicsSir Francis Galton sang free stone to the horrors that European society would experience thirty-five years later.

Charles Darwin was a scientist and his theory of the origin and evolution of species worked perfectly well in the natural realm. In his defense, it could be said that the author of a Scientific theory it should not be held responsible for what its fellow human beings wanted to do with it. Truth be told The theory of evolution It came like a glove to justify the expansionist zeal of the great colonial powers.

In his 1859 book, Charles Darwin He does not speak at all about these imperialist duties, but he does slip discriminatory comments on the social habits of the Fuegians, for example. He does not understand their desire to share the sealskins they hunted, their egalitarian spirit, much less their nudity or their precarious housing.

Many of his followers deny that Darwin equated natural selection with social selection. However, Darwin’s detractors and above all, those who accuse him of having turned the earthly paradise into a horror, into an extermination camp for societies that did not respond to the European prototype, found a bibliographic pearl (there are several) in his publication 1871, Natural Selection as Affecting Civilized Nations (Part 1, Ch. V):

Some comments regarding natural selection at work in civilized nations should be added. This matter has been very well discussed by WR Greg and previously by Wallace and Galton. Most of my observations are taken from these authors.

Among the savages, individuals weak in body and mind disappear very soon, and those that survive are commonly distinguished by their vigorous health. We civilized men, on the other hand, we strive to slow down the elimination process; We build asylums for the imbeciles, the maimed and the sick; we legislate labor laws, and our doctors use all their ability to preserve the life of each individual for as long as possible. There are many reasons to believe that the vaccine has saved the lives of thousands of people who, because of their weak constitution, have succumbed to the attacks of smallpox. Consequently, the weak members of civilized societies propagate their species. “

“No one who has assisted in the raising of domestic animals will doubt that this must be very detrimental to the human race. It is surprising to see how quickly carelessness or poor care leads to the degeneration of a domestic race, but excepting the case of man himself, hardly anyone would be so ignorant as to allow their worst animals to reproduce. “

chimpanzees sierra leone
Primary emotions in primates do not mean longing for happiness.

Ultimately, what process allowed the animal species to evolve to such a point that, at some link in the chain, the hominid abandoned the last burdens of brutality and crossed into the new world of humanity? That would be the missing link.

Maybe blinded in your biological eagerness, Charles Darwin and his fan club overlooked that, the missing link that he never finished specifying could only find an answer in the cultural variety.

Men, explained the American anthropologist Clifford Geertz, are incomplete animals that we only complete in culture. The development of our central nervous system and our brain depend on the culture from which we open ourselves to the world. There is no human nature independent of culture.

Or as an old sage, older and bearded than Darwin, had already said, the end of the human species is happiness, a concept that Charles Darwin confused with “Cardinal emotions” that, of course, according to him we inherit from primates and that, we already know, they are not happiness.

MM / ED

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