Lima, September 15, 2021Updated on 09/15/2021 01:05 pm
Chickenpox is a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), which in some cases can be serious and even fatal in babies, adolescents, adults, and pregnant women with weakened immune systems; however, it can also affect totally healthy people.
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According to the latest report from the National Center for Epidemiology, Prevention and Control of Diseases, so far this year around 164 new cases of chickenpox have been reported in our country, of which more than 78% were registered among newborns to 11-year-olds.
Dr. Carlos Chávez Lencinas, infectious disease physician, affirms that “With a single case of chickenpox detected in a vulnerable population, it is easier to can produce an outbreak, since the level of spread of the virus is rapid and occurs through close contact with someone who has contracted the disease, saliva and droplets when breathing ”.
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After this, the rash with blisters appears on the stomach, back and face, and can spread throughout the body, producing between 250 and 500 blisters that cause itching.
“Despite this, the symptoms of chickenpox appear 10 to 21 days after being exposed to the person infected with this virus and, generally, they last between five and 10 days. Therefore, we remind parents that the best way to prevent chickenpox is to vaccinate your children against this disease ”, added Dr. Chávez.
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However, there are other signs that may appear before skin rashes that you should take into account, such as:
- Fever. Before the rash appears, children may experience discomfort, generating fever, on the contrary, adults may present major complications.
- Loss of appetite In some cases they may have a feeling of nausea.
- Headache. The minor may have this symptom or also muscle pain.
- Tiredness and a feeling of general malaise. Rest and drinking fluids is important.
How to prevent chickenpox?
The vaccine is undoubtedly the best method to prevent chickenpox, as it can be life-threatening and even fatal in the most vulnerable population. For that reason, the Ministry of Health has been vaccinating children up to 4 years of age free of charge. The application of the vaccine will guarantee the protection of 90% of complications that may exist in the future.
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