Chinese allowed to have three children per family

“In response to the aging of the population (…), a couple is allowed to have three children,” said the news agency China New, citing the conclusions of a meeting of the political bureau of the Communist Party led by President Xi Jinping.

De fewer and fewer children and more and more elderly people: China decided on Monday to remove the limit of two children per couple in the hope of restarting the birth rate in the most populous country in the world (more than 1.4 billion inhabitants).

Three weeks after the results of its last decennial census, which revealed a sharp slowdown in the growth of its population, Beijing has resolved to liberalize its family policy, but while maintaining a limit: no more than three children per couple.

“In response to the aging of the population (…), a couple is allowed to have three children,” said the news agency China New, citing the conclusions of a meeting of the political bureau of the Communist Party led by President Xi Jinping.

This policy must be accompanied by “support measures” for families, added the official press agency without further details.

At the beginning of May, the results of the census carried out in 2020 revealed a faster aging than expected of the Chinese population.

Last year, marked by the covid epidemic, the number of births fell to 12 million, against 14.65 million in 2019. That year, the birth rate (10.48 per 1,000) was already at lowest since the founding of Communist China in 1949.

After more than three decades of the much-maligned “one-child policy” at the time, China relaxed its rules in 2016, allowing all Chinese to have a second child. But without succeeding in restarting the birth rate.

There are many reasons for the drop in births: decline in the number of marriages, rise in the cost of housing and education, later fertility for women who give more priority to their careers, excess of the number of men compared to women in the made traditional preference for male children …

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