The medical specialty called endocrinology addresses a wide variety of health problems. Not everyone knows what are the areas of expertise of the endocrinologist, but I already advance that it is not limited to care with obesity, diabetes and thyroid.
Endocrinology takes care of disorders related to the endocrine system, which contains the glands responsible for producing and releasing hormones — chemical substances that regulate the functioning of the body.
This specialty, therefore, aims to recognize and treat any hormonal disorder, helping to restore the balance of our body.
It is recommended to look for an endocrinologist in situations that may indicate some hormonal dysfunction, such as:
Weight fluctuations: excessive weight gain or unexplained weight loss.
Thyroid diseases: deficiency (hypothyroidism) or excess (hyperthyroidism) of thyroid hormones, slowing or speeding up metabolism; lumps or swelling in the neck.
Diabetes: changes in the production or action of insulin can cause an increase in blood glucose (blood sugar). Although diabetes is predominantly a silent disease, it is important to recognize some warning signs: involuntary weight loss, excessive thirst, increased appetite and urinary frequency can all be indicative of excess blood glucose.
Cholesterol and triglyceride disorders: elevations in cholesterol and/or triglycerides hardly cause symptoms, but they need to be evaluated periodically, as their alterations are associated with a greater risk of developing cardiovascular problems (heart attack e AVC).
Loss of hair: our hair is quite sensitive to hormonal changes. Faced with a real perception of accentuated hair loss, hormonal dysfunctions need to be investigated.
Excessive body hair: Hormonal causes can be associated with an increase in thick hair on the body. In women, when excess hair appears in typically male regions (face, belly, breasts and back), it is called hirsutism.
Osteoporosis: Loss of bone mass can be investigated and treated by an endocrinologist, minimizing the risk of developing fragility fractures.
Pituitary Diseases: Located at the base of the brain, the pituitary gland is the gland that regulates the functioning of the other endocrine glands. Dysfunctions in the pituitary can cause milk secretion from the breasts, vision problems, headaches, infertility, among other changes.
Menstrual disorders: menstrual irregularity and dysfunctional bleeding may represent a hormonal problem.
Difficulty getting pregnant: Hormonal changes are among the main causes of infertility and need to be ruled out during investigation.
Menopause/andropause: in this period of so many hormonal changes and fluctuations, the assessment of the risks and benefits of hormone replacement is one of the endocrinologist’s attributions.
As hormones regulate practically all organic functions, the endocrinologist will help you to ensure the proper functioning of your body.
Be aware of warning signs, but, whenever possible, prioritize prevention. To take care of your health, be sure to make sure that the professional you choose is really an expert in the area.