On more than one occasion this column has referred to verbs whose conjugation model is /count/. But experience indicates that it is necessary to reiterate.
Today we are motivated by the need to emphasize the appropriate forms for the use of the verb to cook (synonymous with cooking) and its differences with sewing (to join two or more pieces of cloth with thread).
We have in Spanish a wide group of verbs whose penultimate syllable has the vowel /o/, which varies and makes the diphthong /ue/ in all the singular and third person plural of the present in the indicative and subjunctive mood, as well as the singular of the imperative mode.
They all use the verb /count/ as a model (I count, you count, he counts, I count, you count, he counts…). Among them is the verb to cook and others that are well known and prone to confusion, such as renew, force (force, forces…), skin (skin, skin…), dump (overturn, overturn…), barter (barter, barter…) , descollar (skinning, skinning…), deboning (boning, bonening…) and welding (salary, you weld…), having lunch (lunch, lunches…), ringing (I dream, you sound…).
The same pattern of those verbs continues to cook.
Here is the conjugation, according to the Dictionary of the Spanish language. Present indicative: cook, cook, cook, cook, cook, cook. In the past perfect and the future it behaves as a regular verb: I cooked, you cooked, it cooked; I will cook, you will cook, it will cook.
The present of the subjunctive mode takes up the vowel irregularity: I cook, you cook, he cooks, we cook, you cook, they cook.
We insist on changing the vowel -o to -ue in the manners and tenses indicated: I renew, I force, I skin, I overturn, I barter, I descuello, I bone, I pay… I cook.
The subjunctive, only in the present, requires vowel irregularity, as we have indicated: I cook, you cook, you cook, he, she cooks, we cook, you cook, you cook and they cook.
The imperative mood, which is only conjugated in the second person, presents the same variant: cook you, you cook, you cook, you cook.
The verb to sew (equivalent to making) is completely regular and is only linked to its paronym to cook, due to the similarity of sound: sew, sew, sew, sew, sew, sew. For this reason, it is appropriate to continue with those that follow the same fate as cooking when conjugated.
For example, weld. There are those who are reluctant to accept their conjugation as the counting group: I pay, you pay, he pays, we pay, you pay, they pay. That is the present indicative.
In the subjunctive mood, the present tense of solder governs as follows: I solder, you solder, he soldered, we soldered, you soldered, you soldered and they soldered.
In the imperative way, we can say that it behaves as follows: you weld, you weld, you weld, you weld. Other verbs that follow the paradigm of counting are: force and overturn, which lend themselves to doubts and hesitations when using them. If we apply the counting model to force, we will have this result: indicative: I force, you force, he forces, you force, you force, they force. In the subjunctive mood: I force, you force, he forces, you force, you force, they force.
The wide group of verbs with vowel irregularity that count as a paradigm includes some as common as lunch and sonar, whose conjugation is applied without hesitation (lunch, lunch, lunch, lunch) in one case and I dream, you sound, it sounds, it sounds, in the other one. The same for the subjunctive: I have lunch, you have lunch, he has lunch, you have lunch; I sound, you sound, he sounds, they sound.
You can read: SPELL-WRITING: Between time and space, poetry
However, the same is not true of renovating, welding, dumping, gasping, skinning. They also change the vowel –o that they have in the root for the diphthong –ue in the verbs to fly, hang, gauge, defiance, lengthen, bet, embarrass. We insist: food is cooked, clothing is sewn.