Since 1990, Science Day is celebrated every January 15 in Cuba, due to the importance that the Government of the largest of the Antilles grants to this sector in the development of the country.
What was Rosa Luxemburg’s life like?
“The future of our country must necessarily be a future of men of science, it must be a future of men of thought, because it is precisely what we are sowing the most; what we are sowing the most are opportunities for intelligence (…)”, Fidel Castro said on January 15, 1960.
The birth of Cuban men and women dedicated to science have provided the world with discoveries that prove the above statement. These are six most relevant achievements of science in Cuba:
This January 15, Cuba pays tribute to its scientists, innovators and researchers on the Day of the #CubanScience The date was instituted in 1990, coinciding with the 30th anniversary of Fidel Castro defining the role of science in the country’s development. #CubaLive pic.twitter.com/PWoUasOGMj
— Aica Laboratories (@AicaLaboratorio)
January 14, 2022
Carlos J. Finlay and yellow fever
The Cuban scientist Carlos Juan Finlay went down in the history of the world of science when presenting his discovery in 1881 of the transmitting agent of yellow fever, the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which since then has prevented millions of deaths worldwide, since it allowed the areas invaded by this infectious agent to be cleaned up.
In addition, Finlay formulated the basic rules for the eradication of the mosquito, starting the sanitary-social method known as vector control, which is still practiced.
Finlay was a member of the Royal Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences and the Secretary of its Science Section and in his honor it was created in Cuba the Order of Merit “Carlos J. Finlay” that is awarded to those who provide relevant services to the science.
Heberprot-P is the only product in the world that can prevent diabetic foot amputation by healing ulcers and slowing the expansion of lesions.
It is medicine is produced at the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB) of Cuba and is based on recombinant human growth factor (FCHrec.).
Data from mid-2017 confirm that up to that date they had been treated with said medicine more than 250,000 patients worldwide.
Cimavax is a therapeutic vaccine against lung cancer developed by the Molecular Immunology Center of Cuba and is currently approved for a phase I safety and efficacy trial in the US and other countries outside of the Latin American continent.
This vaccine is part of 67 percent of the clinical research currently carried out in Cuba seeking to find an effective treatment against different types of cancer.
According to the director of the National Coordinating Center for Clinical Trials (Cencec), Alberto Hernández, there are a total of 98 clinical trials on the island for different types of diseases.
VIH / Sida
In 2015, the World Health Organization recognized Cuba as the first country in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, one of the great advances against this virus and other sexually transmitted infections and an important step towards having an AIDS-free generation.
The Melagenina Plus is a medicine made from human placenta that has the property of increasing the reproduction of melanocytes, as well as accelerating the melanin production process, which is why it is essential in the treatment for the cure of vitiligo.
It is medicine, the only one of its kind, is capable of reversing severe cases of vitiligo with an effectiveness of 86 percent and has no adverse reactions, so it can be used in children, the elderly, pregnant women and women during pregnancy. menstrual period.
All these discoveries and scientific advances ratify the thesis of the leader of the Cuban Revolution. Men and women of science who overcome the material, economic and financial limitations of Cuba in favor of national development.
Cuban vaccines against Covid-19
As a result of the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic, between the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020, doctors from the Caribbean nation, led by the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), have managed to develop their own vaccines with which has managed to immunize almost the entire population against the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.
Cuba developed the Abdala, Soberana 02 and Soberana Plus vaccines, which have been recognized by various countries around the world, which have received batches to immunize their population.