The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation will work out the issue of including the examination of minors for the use of nicotine in the program of preventive medical examinations. Such an order was given to the department by Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova following a meeting of the Council under the Government of the Russian Federation on issues of guardianship in the social sphere.
To check whether the children smoked or not, health workers will use a smokelizer – a gas analyzer that records the volume of carbon monoxide on exhalation. Now, at the medical examination, minors can only be checked for the use of drugs and psychotropic substances.
After the meeting, Golikova also instructed the Ministry of Health to develop measures to prohibit the rental of electronic devices for the use of nicotine by children, as well as the display of vapes, hookahs and other products on store shelves that operate within a radius of 100 meters from schools and universities.
The minutes following the meeting also mentions the instruction to the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Internal Affairs by May next year to work on strengthening the measures of parental responsibility if during a medical examination it turns out that their child is using some form of nicotine. We are talking about an increase in fines under article 5.35 of the Administrative Code “Failure by parents or other legal representatives of minors to maintain and educate minors,” reports “Interfax“.
The percentage of smokers in Russia, according to WHO, last year was 25% compared to 39.4% in 2009, the proportion of children is unknown. The organization largely linked the country’s success in combating smoking with the tightening of anti-tobacco legislation. So, since 2013, the average cost of a pack of cigarettes in the Russian Federation has doubled – to 151 rubles in 2020, a ban was introduced on the remote sale of nicotine-containing goods, and soon the rent of vapes, hookahs, etc. will be banned.