In American criminal law, significant cases are often referred by the prosecution to a grand jury, made up of people from civil society, such as jurors in a regular trial.
UA grand jury has been formed to determine whether the Manhattan prosecutor’s file on Donald Trump and his group can justify a trial, several US media reported on Tuesday.
Asked by AFP, a spokesperson for prosecutor Cyrus Vance declined to comment.
According to the Washington Post, jurors were recently selected and will meet three days a week for six months to review the case files.
The grand jury examines the file in secret and may also request additional documents or to hear one or more witnesses.
At the end of the examination, it determines, by majority, but not necessarily unanimously, whether there is grounds for indictment, preamble to a trial.
The constitution of the grand jury indicates that prosecutor Vance believes he has enough evidence to go to trial.
Cyrus Vance, whose term ends at the end of December, has been investigating possible accounting manipulations since 2019 by the Trump Organization, Donald Trump’s holding company which manages all of its interests.
The Manhattan prosecutor is primarily looking to determine whether the group artificially inflated the value of its assets to get larger loans and, at the same time, dumped them in its tax returns to cut taxes.
The investigation also looks at the compensation of key executives of the Trump Organization, according to the Washington Post.
If it is indeed for Cyrus Vance to obtain an indictment, it is not established that it is Donald Trump himself. It could target the Trump Organization as a legal person or collaborators of the former US president within this holding.
Never has a former head of state been indicted in a criminal case in the United States, which has had a president since 1789.