European Parliament

Due to the energy crisis, some MEPs are in favor of new sanctions against Russia, including fines against Gazprom. Izvestia was told about this in the European Parliament, noting that the EU representatives are thus trying to shift the responsibility for the rise in prices for blue fuel to the Russian Federation. Recently, the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that Moscow is trying to turn the gas crisis in the region “to its own advantage” and hopes to encourage the countries of the union to launch the Nord Stream 2 project as soon as possible. Nevertheless, As European politicians interviewed by Izvestia noted, the gas crisis was provoked by the ideologization of energy policy and a hasty transition to a green economy.

Playing with fire

A number of MEPs demand to introduce new sanctions against Russia, including fines against Gazprom, MEP Gunnar Beck told Izvestia. According to him, some representatives of the “green” and liberal forces in the EU are shifting responsibility to the Russian Federation for the unprecedented energy crisis that Europe faced on the eve of the heating season.

– There is there are many MEPs who blame Russia for everything. However, the gas crisis in Europe was caused by other reasons. For many years, the EU has pursued a policy of abandoning long-term contracts and switching to spot trading energy carriers. It played a cruel joke, – the European politician told Izvestia.

According to him, Russia, on the other hand, has always been an exemplary trading partner.… “The fact that many MEPs refuse to admit this fact is only a reflection of their own ideological predilections and blind trust in green energy,” Gunnar Beck emphasized.

ото: REUTERS/Julien Warnand

As a reminder, on October 6, the gas price in Europe at the opening of trading reached a historic high, exceeding $ 1900 per 1,000 cubic meters. m, but later dropped. Analyzing what is happening, some European politicians began to accuse Gazprom of price manipulation and an attempt to push through the launch of the SP-2 gas pipeline due to the fact that in recent months the Russian gas company allegedly refused to book additional transit capacities.

11 October EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Josep Borrell said that Russia wants to turn the situation “to its advantage” and encourage the EU to launch the SP-2 as soon as possible… According to the diplomat, “this is part of the game of political pressure.” In a statement on October 14, the head of EU diplomacy noted that Russia is fulfilling its contractual obligations on gas, but does not supply the EU additionally, “as it could,” which is why prices are increasing.

Wherein, As Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said on the same day, European partners have not yet addressed the Russian government with a request to increase supplies. Moreover, Europe has repeatedly announced its intentions to abandon Russian gas.… Recall that during her farewell visit to Kiev, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that by 2046 European countries will no longer need Russian gas. Against the background of such statements, the current EU accusations against the Russian Federation look at least strange.

We are talking about shifting responsibility for the consequences of the EU’s ideological energy policy onto Russia, which, in turn, has fulfilled all its supply obligations.… Moscow cannot be blamed for seeking and serving other clients in the Far East, while the EU is not showing readiness for long-term commitments, Steffen Kotrets, a member of the Bundestag Energy Committee in the Bundestag, told Izvestia.

gas

Photo: RIA Novosti / Pavel Lvov

According to him, Josep Borrell distorts the facts, because receiving Russian gas, including through Nord Stream 2, is precisely in the interests of the EU and Germany.… The European diplomat continues to stick to Cold War rhetoric, the German MP added. According to Steffen Kotrets, it cannot be ruled out that the EU will impose sanctions against Russia and thereby again shift the responsibility for the crisis onto Moscow. Nevertheless, in his opinion, they are unlikely in the near future.

Accusatory stream

The main accusatory side from the EU is Poland. Back on October 6, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki made Gazprom responsible for the rise in world gas prices… “This is the turning of the valve, so to speak, by Russia, by Gazprom. And Gazprom is an instrument of the energy policy of the Russian state, ”the official said. On October 13, Polish expert Wojciech Jakubik, on the air of Radio Maryja, admitted that the EU could fine the Russian Gazprom due to the rise in gas prices.

However, European Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson, answering a question about Poland’s accusations against Gazprom on October 13, stressed that the company “fully fulfills its long-term contracts for gas supplies to the EU, but practically does not supply additional volumes of gas to the European market or supplies them in a minimal volume.”

EC official representative Peter Stano told Izvestia that “this is a real crisis in Europe and on world markets. The leaders of the EU and its member states will discuss the issue of energy prices next week in Brussels. “

“As for sanctions, this is a last resort when other options, like dialogue, do not bring results, or when international law is violated,” Peter Stano added in an interview with Izvestia.

MEP Gunnar Beck told Izvestia that the current crisis in the EU’s energy supply with the accompanying sharp rise in prices is exclusively internal. According to him, the union began to rapidly abandon nuclear energy, but the forecasts for a “green” future were extremely optimistic.

gas

Photo: Izvestia / Alexander Kazakov

But the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which could solve the problem, despite the fact that it was completed, has not yet been put into operation.… The reasons for this are opposition to the project from France and other EU member states, partly due to pressure from the United States, the politician emphasized.

Last week Senior Republican of the US House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee Michael McCall called for sanctions against Russia due to the energy crisis in Europe… The parliamentarian recalled that United States President Joe Biden and German Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged to take action if Russia tries to use energy as a weapon. McCall called for the White House to impose restrictions on the SP-2, the certification of which, in his opinion, Moscow wants to speed up, “by manipulating the European gas market and using a serious energy crisis.”

Another initiator of sanctions against the Russian Federation was recently Kiev.… As it became known following the EU-Ukraine summit on October 12, representatives of the neighboring country discussed with the heads of the European Council and the European Commission the introduction of a third package of measures against the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. This was stated by the President of the country Volodymyr Zelensky at a briefing following the summit, noting that It is important for Ukraine to maintain gas transit… “Therefore, we are addressing in different directions because of this insecurity,” the politician added.

Despite the fact that the construction of SP-2 has already been completed, certification by the German regulator remains one of the obstacles to its launch. – The Federal Network Agency of Germany (BNetzA). As the press service of the department told Izvestia, they have four months, starting from September 8, 2021, to make a decision on the project. After – the agency will send it to the European Commission. The EC has no right to veto. However, BNetzA “should take into account the opinion of the EC as much as possible,” the German department said. If the project is launched before the completion of the certification process, then BNetzA will be entitled to impose a fine.

Nord Stream 2

Фото: Global Look Press / ZB / Jens Büttner

– In fact, the commissioning of Nord Stream 2 is an extremely important aspect in resolving the energy crisis. In this way, the EU and Germany will be able to return to a rational energy policy, in which natural gas, of course, should play an important role. The “green” policy has failed, ”Bundestag deputy Steffen Kotrets told Izvestia.

Meanwhile, it has recently become known that it was the Polish company PGNiG that received from BNetzA the right to participate in the certification of SP-2… Warsaw already claims that the pipeline does not meet the formal requirements for certification under the preferential model. So how impartial the SP-2 certification process will be is unclear.

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