Ebola outbreak in Africa: What we know so far

So far, 19 people have died in an Ebola outbreak in East African Uganda. This was announced by the country’s Ministry of Health on Friday. In addition, a total of 15 active Ebola cases have been confirmed in the country. In addition, at least 58 people who have been in contact with infected people are being monitored.

On Tuesday, the ministry spoke of the first death, a 24-year-old man. “This is the first time in more than a decade that Uganda has recorded an outbreak of the Sudan Ebola virus. We are working closely with national health authorities to investigate the source of this outbreak, while supporting efforts to swiftly implement effective control measures said Matshidiso Moeti, World Health Organization (WHO) regional director for Africa.

So far there have been seven outbreaks of Sudan’s Ebola virus, four of which have occurred in Uganda and three in Sudan. Uganda last reported an outbreak of Sudan Ebola virus in 2012. In 2019, the country experienced an outbreak of the Zaire Ebola virus. The major outbreak in West Africa in 2014/2015, which killed more than 11,000 people, was caused by the Zaire Ebola virus, as were the outbreaks in Congo in recent years.

“Uganda is not new to fighting Ebola effectively. Thanks to their expertise, measures have been taken to detect the virus quickly and we can use this knowledge to stop the spread of the infections.” What we know so far:

How did the outbreak come about?

The cause of the outbreak is not yet known. The center was in the Mubende district, whose main town is on an expressway to the capital, Kampala.

What is Ebola?

It is a rare, life-threatening infectious disease that belongs to the viral hemorrhagic fevers and is caused by the Ebola virus. The virus belongs to the filovirus family and is divided into five types: Zaire, Sudan, Ta├» Forest, Bundibugyo and Reston – only the Reston virus type is not dangerous for humans.

Wild animals such as bats or flying foxes are considered reservoirs for the virus.

How is the Ebola virus transmitted?

The virus is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids, such as urine, stool, blood, vomit, or sweat, from an infected person, or through contaminated objects. Infected people are only contagious when they show the first symptoms. The stronger the symptoms, the higher the risk of infection. The incubation period is six to ten days on average.

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