An international team of researchers has identified a new species of dinosaur in western Romania. The species, named after the Transylvania site, lived about 70 million years ago and was a herbivore, as reported by the University of Tübingen on Thursday. The previously unknown miniature dinosaur was about two meters long, walked on two legs and belonged to the group of so-called rhabdodontids.
In Transylvania, these animals, like other dinosaurs there, only reached a small body size. Presumably, a limited supply of food in Europe at that time led to an adapted stature, as the researchers suspect.
145 million years ago
Europa was a tropical archipelago during the Cretaceous Period, which began 145 million years ago and ended 66 million years ago. Transylvanosaurus platycephalus lived on one of the many islands together with other pygmy dinosaurs, crocodiles, turtles and huge pterosaurs, whose wings measured up to ten meters span.
In addition to the Tübingen paleontologist Felix Augustin, scientists from the universities of Bucharest and Zurich were also involved in the study. For the Cretaceous period, the Hateg Basin in Transylvania is one of the most important sites in Europe. A total of ten dinosaur species have already been identified there.