Photo by the Roscongress Foundation
Since 1990, the population of Moscow has increased by a third, but the volume of heat emissions has decreased by a quarter. This was announced on Thursday Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin during the plenary session “Restarting the energy of cities and communities” at the forum “Russian Energy Week”.
MEGAPOLISES – FLAGS OF ENVIRONMENTALITY
“Over the past 10 years, the emissions of hazardous substances into the atmosphere have halved. Therefore, our cities, including Moscow, every decade, despite the concentration of the population, for its dynamic growth is becoming more environmentally friendly, and the energy sector is becoming more efficient. Of course, this is the result of the work of huge collectives – about 120 thousand people work in the energy sector of Moscow, these are people who ensure the reliability of our life around the clock, ”said Sobyanin, expressing gratitude to the employees of the energy industry of the capital.
The mayor also noted that the energy problem is one of the key in the development of civilizations in general and, of course, large cities. Experts have said for centuries that cities are clumps of environmental and energy problems. It was believed that it was the megalopolises that caused the maximum damage to the environment.
“In fact, the last history of cities suggests the opposite: the most efficient energy and minimal environmental harm, if calculated per capita, are in large cities, where the energy efficiency is not commensurably higher than in small towns and settlements, no matter how surprising did not look “, – noted Sergei Sobyanin.
According to the mayor, such an advantage in energy efficiency by megacities is achieved through the concentration of energy resources, reduction of energy networks, concentration of the population. At the same time, the mayor stressed that Moscow “is a kind of exception and has colossal features in comparison with other cities of the same scale.”
1.7 TRILLION INVESTMENT
Another thing is, at what cost did Moscow achieve this success? Over 10 years, 1.7 trillion rubles have been invested in the energy sector of the capital. while maintaining tariffs at comparable prices.
“This is a colossal figure for us. I will not disclose the mechanisms, but they are definitely not to the detriment of the population, ”admitted Sergei Sobyanin… At the same time, if earlier in Moscow there were two or three gusts and disconnection of heat supply for a large number of hours, today such cases are rare and happen once every five years. This, according to the mayor, is the result of the modernization of the city’s energy supply structure.
“I must say that 10 years ago the President of our country said that in the next 15 years we will reduce the energy efficiency of our gross product by 40%. Moscow has reduced the GRP energy intensity by 37% over 10 years, ”added Sobyanin.
The mayor of the capital drew attention to the fact that in the world there is not a single city of comparable size, which is located in such harsh climatic conditions. The heating season in Moscow begins in September and ends in May, the largest electricity, water and heat supply systems in the world are concentrated in Moscow, there are no analogues even close.
“For example, the heating capacity in Moscow is half that of the whole of Poland. Energy for Moscow is not only comfort, it is not only development, it is, in fact, life in the truest sense of the word, ”he summed up mayor of moscow… At the same time, the capital annually introduces about 10 million square meters. m of real estate. To ensure such development, the development of energy is also necessary.