potato

The harvest collected by Russian farmers made it possible to almost completely cover the country’s needs for the main food groups. Vladimir Putin said this on October 11 at a meeting dedicated to scientific and technical support for the development of the agro-industrial complex. The President also instructed to provide the farmers with seeds of domestic selection for 75% within 10 years. Now there is a scientific and technical program in Russia, which made it possible to develop new varieties of the most important agricultural crops… Also in the RF the share of imported materials in wine production has drastically decreased, noted the Minister of Agriculture Dmitry Patrushev. This was achieved thanks to the adoption of the law on viticulture and winemaking.

Rate and renew

The meeting began with congratulatory words addressed to workers in agriculture and the processing industry, who celebrated their professional holiday on October 10… According to Vladimir Putin, it was thanks to their work that it was possible to harvest a good harvest in difficult weather conditions this year. As a result, the needs of the Russian Federation for all major food groups are now almost completely met, he noted.

In recent years, the domestic agro-industrial complex has undergone positive changes. According to the president, it has become truly modern, saturated with advanced technologies and innovations. An important milestone, in particular, was the adoption of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program (FNTP) for the development of agriculture until 2025.

3.2 billion rubles were allocated from the federal budget for the implementation of the FNTP for 2017-2025, said Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko. Extra-budgetary sources of financing amounted to 1.5 billion rubles. The program was accepted as a tool for the implementation of the Food Security Doctrine.

Photo: TASS / Donat Sorokin

– That is the program is a tool for eliminating the dependence of our agriculture and agricultural machinery on imports… At the time of the adoption of the program, dependence on sugar beet seeds was 98%, on potato seeds – 80%, on pedigree products in poultry farming – 100%, – said Victoria Abramchenko.

Vladimir Putin called for extending the program until 2030 and ensuring uninterrupted allocation of funds for the development of new technologies, which should immediately find application in the agricultural sector. The world has long entered the era of digital globalization, and agriculture is no exception, said Rector of RTU MIREA Stanislav Kuj in an interview with Izvestia. According to him, agribusiness must use innovative solutions for sustainable development and increasing labor productivity.

This is robotization of agricultural machinery, the introduction of elements of artificial intelligence, satellites and drones, “smart” irrigation systems and greenhouses… It is also a digital base for decision support systems. This is the use of analytics and BIG DATA to predict yields, climate risks, and so on. This requires the training of new, “digital” farmers – advanced training of agricultural workers and training of new generation farmers, – the expert explained.

Elite potatoes

As part of the implementation of the scientific and technical program, already new varieties of the most important agricultural crops have been bred and a serious foundation has been created in order to provide farmers with seeds of domestic selection by at least 75% in the horizon of a decade, said Vladimir Putin.

the seeds

Photo: TASS / Anton Novoderezhkin

So, through the FNTP, it was possible to achieve good results in sugar beets, potatoes and in the creation of a domestic cross (hybrid) of meat chickens, Victoria Abramchenko recalled. For example, in the potato subprogram, 21 projects are being implemented in 19 regions of the country. In particular, it turned out to create 19 new varieties of potatoes, ten of which are in demand by agribusiness.

In 2025, following the implementation of this subprogram, we plan to ensure the production of elite seed potatoes of domestic selection in an amount of at least 18 thousand tons annually., – said Victoria Abramchenko.

Agriculture Minister Dmitry Patrushev, in turn, said that the yield of some new potato varieties is more than twice the average.… Mass distribution of these varieties is planned as early as next year, he said. In addition, they managed to create six new sugar beet hybrids and produce 187 thousand sowing units of seeds of domestic selection of sugar beet hybrids.

From 2022, the FNTP will cover several more new areas. The subprograms will concern the development of production of feed and feed additives for animals, selection and seed production of oilseeds, improvement of the genetic potential of beef cattle, as well as the development of viticulture, including nursery, explained Dmitry Patrushev. The need for financing these subprograms for 2022–2025 will amount to about 16 billion rubles.

cattle

Photo: tass / sergey boby

All these areas play an important role in ensuring food independence. If, for example, we look at the production of feed and feed additives for animals, the dependence on imports is quite high here. About 50% of amino acids, about 90% of feed additives and microelements and almost 100% of vitamins are supplied from abroad, Dmitry Patrushev stated.

Your grapes

Meanwhile in the Russian Federation, the share of imported materials in the production of wine has radically decreased, noted the Minister of Agriculture Dmitry Patrushev. This was achieved thanks to the adoption of the law on viticulture and winemaking, which entered into force last summer. In particular, it prohibits Russian wine producers from using imported wine materials.

– Undoubtedly, this is a powerful incentive for the development of domestic breeding in this area, – the minister thinks.

He is sure: new directions of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture will allow in the future to create competitive grape varieties, improve the technology of planting material and develop effective methods of cultivating high-quality products… By 2025, the annual production of seedlings of domestic selection will double.

However, in order to achieve the result, it is necessary to continue at the state level to support the establishment and maintenance of vineyards using domestic and foreign seedlings. This will prevent a decrease in the volume of grapes and Russian wine.

grape

Photo: Izvestia / Alexander Polegenko

Russia needs to expand its vineyards, Dmitry Kiselev, chairman of the Council of the Union of Winegrowers and Winemakers, said in an interview with Izvestia.… He recalled that now in the southern territories of Russia about 100 thousand hectares are used for them. In order to achieve self-sufficiency in wine, it is necessary to increase them at least twice, to develop export potential – to bring these areas to 300 thousand hectares. Therefore, for the development of the industry, it is important to use those regions in which it is not so hot, the expert emphasized.

Now there is already one way that allows you to grow grapes in unusual conditions for him. We are talking about the use of sheltering viticulture: for the winter, the vine is sprinkled with earth, and with the onset of more comfortable weather, they are dug up. But this is traumatic for the vine. As a result, this method is quite laborious. There is an alternative – the breeding of more winter-hardy varieties. Such examples already exist, Dmitry Kiselev said. One of them, for example, tolerates cold up to minus 30.

The more varieties we use, the more interesting flavors of wine we will get, – the expert is sure. – Therefore, of course, it is worth actively expanding the variety set. A lot of work in this direction is going on in one of the laboratories of the Kurchatov Center.

Meanwhile, during the meeting, Vladimir Putin drew attention to the importance of exporting domestic products. Russian manufacturers have opportunities to saturate the domestic market and take leading positions in the world, the president is sure. At the same time, we are talking not only about the export of food itself, but also about the promotion of Russian agricultural technologies to the global markets.

grape

Photo: Izvestia / Pavel Kassin

In recent years, the agro-industrial complex of Russia has shown steady growth trends, agrees the founder of JSC “Russian Product” Olga Mirimskaya. But a lot still needs to be done to modernize and improve the efficiency of the agro-industrial complex. In particular, to introduce digitalization, which will lead to a reduction in costs, engage in the development of innovation centers, and master digital twins. In addition, it is necessary to intensify cooperation between the agro-industrial complex and IT-sector enterprises, which will accelerate scientific and technological development.

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