The European Court of Human Rights has convicted Turkey of arbitrary detention of 426 Turkish judges and prosecutors following a failed coup attempt in 2016. Authorities have accused those involved in the international network of Turkish Muslim believers Fethullah Gülen, who has been living in the United States since 1999 and was declared a terrorist organization in Ankara, and said Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said he was behind the July coup attempt.
European judges unanimously ruled that the Turkish state had violated the “right to liberty” guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights by arresting judges and prosecutors, the MTI wrote.
According to judges in the Strasbourg panel, these arbitrary detentions were not “in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law” and were not necessary.
The European Court of Justice also recalled that “legal certainty is even more important in attacks on the independence of the judiciary” and awarded non-pecuniary damages of € 5,000 to all victims.
In the 2016 takeover attempt, nearly 250 people were killed and nearly 2,000 wounded, excluding the coupists. After the events, a comprehensive clean-up began in Turkey in the ranks of the armed forces and the police, as well as in the judiciary and the administration. At least 140,000 people have been suspended or fired and tens of thousands have been detained.