As it turned out this week, he called for the earliest possible date by law, April 3, and a government-initiated referendum on child protection. János Áder President of the Republic.
The election of members of parliament will still be a one-round election, and voters will again have two votes. On the one hand, they can vote for who they want to represent in their own individual constituency. (That’s the particular 106 district.) On the other sheet, they can draw an x from the national party list to one of the parties they like, as well as party formations. The fate of 93 parliamentary seats is decided on the national list.
Those who have asked – or are asking – the local election office to vote as a national voter may vote not for a party list but for a list of their nationality. Nationalities can enter the National Assembly with a preferential mandate.
The most important election rules according to address and location:
- voters residing abroad residing in Hungary may vote at embassies and consulates;
- Hungarian citizens who do not have an address in Hungary may vote by post after registration, but they may only vote for the national party list;
- If you are not in your place of residence on the day of the vote, but would like to vote in Hungary, you can apply to re-register until the end of March, but those who do so can only vote for an individual candidate according to their original address.
Now we have almost a month to calm down, and on February 12, with the official campaign start, the events are expected to pick up.
The nearly 7.8 million voters residing in Hungary must receive notification of inclusion in the register by 11 February, in accordance with the register status on 26 January. Anyone who does not receive the notice for any reason may request this from the clerk (at the local election office).
The official campaign kicks off on the fiftieth day before the election, on February 12th. What does this mean in practice? Among other things, the funds that can be used and accounted for for the official campaign can be spent during this period.
Individual candidates can collect recommendations on the recommendation sheets in the constituency in which they wish to run until 4 p.m. on February 25th.
Candidacy requires the recommendation of at least five hundred voters residing in the constituency in individual constituencies. The entrant may be an independent or a party candidate, and a voter may nominate more than one candidate, but only once. The collected recommendations shall then be submitted to the constituency election committee, after which the election committee shall decide on the registration of the candidates.
A national list can only be drawn up by a party that has nominated independent candidates in at least fourteen counties and at least 71 individual constituencies in Budapest. A common list can be established based on common individual candidates.
A national ethnic self-government may establish a nationality list, which requires the recommendation of at least one percent of the voters listed as nationality voters, but not more than 1,500 recommendations. Only a voter who is a voter of the given nationality can be nominated in the list of nationalities.
The national lists must be announced to the National Electoral Commission (NVB) no later than February 26, and the parties and nationalities compiling the list may send a delegate to the NVB.
Hungarian citizens abroad can vote by mail again this year
The more than 420,000 Hungarian citizens who do not have an address in Hungary and registered before or after the previous parliamentary election in 2018 are still on the list of voters in the letter, ie they do not have to register again, this time. Those who have not yet registered as a Hungarian citizen abroad can submit their application for registration to the National Electoral Office (NVI) by 9 March. After the national list has become valid, the electoral office shall send the package of voting letters to the foreign voters, and the voter shall send the envelope containing his / her vote to the foreign missions until the end of the voting, or send it to any parliamentary constituency or to the NVI. In this case, the vote must be received by 7 pm on 3 April.
Voters residing abroad on the day of the election can vote at the embassies and consulates of Hungary at the election if they have registered on the register of foreign missions by 4 pm on March 25 at the latest.
If you are not at your place of residence on the day of the vote, but want to cast your vote in another settlement in Hungary, please contact us votes, you can also request your check-in by 4 pm on March 25th. This should be requested from the polling station of your address. It is important to know that the registrants in the chosen settlement also have their original address they may vote for individual candidates.
It is the day of the parliamentary election itself, as well as the referendum on child protection. (The latter will be discussed in our box at the end of the article.)
In the individual constituency, the candidate who receives the most valid votes will be the Member of Parliament.
Votes that are not counted for obtaining an individual mandate, are considered as fractional votes, they are taken into account in the allocation of national party list seats.
All votes of the losing candidates, as well as all the votes of the winning candidate that were no longer required to obtain the mandate, ie the number of votes remaining after deducting the votes of the second-highest candidate, plus one, shall be considered as a fractional vote.
Mandates from the national list take into account individual constituency fractional votes as well as votes cast for the party list.
A party list which did not reach at least five per cent of the total valid votes cast for party lists and nationality lists and a joint party list which did not reach ten per cent, or a joint party list drawn up by more than two parties, may not obtain a seat. percent.
As we used to, on the night of election, NVI is expected to report preliminary results, but the final, official result will have to wait again. The so-called legal result of the election is determined only after the repatriation of the ballot boxes containing the votes cast abroad and the counting of the votes cast in the letter: the result of the individual constituencies no later than 9 April and the national result of the election no later than 22 April.
The new Parliament must be formed by 3 May at the latest. According to the Basic Law, the formation of the new Parliament is convened by the President of the Republic within thirty days after the election. In the case of the last six legislative elections, practice has shown that one and a half to four weeks after the formation of the National Assembly, the new government took the oath.
Child protection referendum rules
The special feature of this year’s parliamentary election – which has not happened before in the history of Hungarian democracy – is that a national referendum will be held in a joint procedure at the same time as the parliamentary elections on April 3.
Speaking of the government-initiated referendum on child protection, the 7.8 million voters residing in Hungary must receive notification of their inclusion in the register by 11 February, in accordance with the register status on 26 January. Those who do not receive this can request a new notice from the clerk (at the local election office).
The 420,000 Hungarian citizens who do not have an address in Hungary and registered before or after the 2018 parliamentary elections will still be on the list of voters in the letter, ie they will not have to re-register. A Hungarian citizen abroad who has not yet registered may submit his / her application for registration to the National Electoral Office by 9 March.
Hungarians abroad must send a letter to the NVI by 3 pm on April 3 a package of voting letters containing their votes, but the parcel can be delivered at the embassies or on the day of the vote at the embassies or at any parliamentary constituency office in the individual constituency.
Anyone who has an address in Hungary and is not in Hungary on the day of the vote may cast his / her vote at one of the more than one hundred foreign missions. To do so, you can request that the notary from your place of residence be registered in the Hungarian mission no later than 4 pm on March 25.
If you do not reside on the day of the referendum, but wish to exercise your right to vote in another settlement in Hungary, you can also apply to transfer to another settlement from the electoral office of your address by 4 pm on March 25. All applications can also be submitted online at www.valasztas.hu.
The questions put to the referendum are as follows:
– Do you support the holding of sexual orientation sessions for minor children in public education without parental consent?
– Do you support the promotion of gender reassignment treatments for minors?
– Do you support the unrestricted introduction of sexual media content to minors that affects their development?
– Do you support the display of gender-sensitive media content to minors?
(Cover image: Closed ballot box for the parliamentary elections on April 8, 2018. Photo: Zoltán Balogh / MTI)