The location of the battle of Mohács can be clearly determined on the basis of the research of the University of Pécs (PTE), said Norbert Pap, the institution’s professor of history geography. The expert told MTI that a map dating back to 1700, other written sources, and the results of recent instrumental studies would give him a chance to find the site of the 1526 battle.
According to the head of the Historical and Political Geographical Research Center of the János Szentágothai Research Center of the University of Pécs, the geographical name analysis and another environmental reconstruction study of the settlements in the Mohács plain, which played a role in determining the location, were recently completed.
There has been a debate among researchers for a century about exactly where the fateful struggle took place. The solution was hindered by the failure to determine the location of the village of Földvár, which was depopulated in 1704 at the latest, on the basis of convincing evidence.
According to Pap Norbert, the location of the former settlement is especially important because the Hungarian chronicler of the history of the battle, Bishop István Brodarics, looks back on the location of this village when determining the location.
According to Norbert Pap, in the last hundred years or so, researchers have identified more than a dozen possible points on the Mohács plain regarding the location of the village. He and his co-researchers examined the location of the settlement as it was occupied by a geographical name analysis, written sources, historical maps, the economic structure of the area, changes in land use, and geographical settlement factors.
The researchers first examined four possible sites and then, after more in-depth analysis, concluded that
the former Földvár was located south of today’s Sátorhely, north of the village of Udvar, along the Borza stream, at a crossing point.
This is confirmed by the map dating back to 1700.
Partial archeological excavations in the now-identified area had already taken place in 1967, when traces of a medieval settlement were found. In the past year, instrumental surveys have provided additional information on the extent of the settlement. According to Norbert Pap, it is justified to continue these works. Investigations should focus on exploring the buildings in the settlement, especially the church, the expert said.
According to him, in addition to the exploration of the former village, it will also be worthwhile to subject the vast area north of it to complex field investigations, looking for the remains of weapons, mass graves, places of ramparts and ditches. Only large-scale instrumental tests can produce results, he added.
(Cover image: Bertalan Székely’s painting The Battle of Mohács. Photo: Wikipedia)