The National Institute of Traffic and Land Transportation (Intrant) presented the new National Strategic Plan for Road Safety (PENSV 2021-2030), which aims to reduce road deaths by 50 percent.
This institution highlighted that the plan has a 10-year execution projection and that it was structured based on six strategic axes such as institutionality, mobility, education, supervision, attention and information.
The document establishes the way in which all the actors and sectors that intervene in the actions and policies aimed at preventing, controlling and reducing the risk of death or injury to people who move on board are articulated in a participatory manner. a vehicle or without it.
In addition, it details the negative impact it has on the State, the victims’ families and, in a general sense, the deaths and injuries caused by traffic.
This situation represents an economic cost for the State of approximately 2.21 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
It highlights the poverty generated by these fatalities and distinguishes them as compensation, repair of physical damage, medical expenses, among others.
In addition, the costs generated by the loss of earnings of the injured persons and the subsidy that replaces the salaries, while they are in medical treatment and rehabilitation therapy.
Likewise, the human costs and compensation for deaths and disabilities, among other consequences for the injured that cannot be measured.
The plan explains that an indicator is used to measure this problem, which is the Statistical Value or VSL and underlines the value established for the Dominican Republic for each life lost in traffic fatalities, which is 1,074 million dollars.
“The value established for the country is USD 1,074 million for each life that is lost. This means that for the 3,204 deaths registered in 2019 it reached the approximate value of USD 3,441 million and expressed in Dominican pesos at a rate of 52.23 as of January 1, 2020, it represented RD $ 179,723,430,000 ”, it is explained.
Last plan did not achieve its purpose
The latest National Strategic Plan for Road Safety 2017-2020 did not achieve its purpose of reducing traffic deaths by 30 percent, as indicated by the evaluation presented.
The report indicates that of the nine performance indicators defined in the PENSV, only four could be evaluated, largely due to the lack of data availability, this weakness being one of the great challenges to overcome in the 2021-2030 PENSV.
Saturday, Sunday and Monday the days with the highest occurrence of accidents
Saturdays, Sundays and Mondays are the days in which the highest number of occurrences of traffic accidents are registered, days that from 2016 to 2020 were reported by 54.6 percent of fatalities.
Sunday is the day with the highest record of deaths on the roads.
While the months with the highest peaks of deaths in traffic accidents correspond to January, March, July and December.
While the time in which these deaths usually occur are between 6:00 in the afternoon and 11:59 at night, before midnight.
Collision between vehicles: the type of accident
In the presentation of the Strategic Plan for Road Safety 2021-2030, by the National Institute of Traffic and Land Transport (Intrant), percentages of deaths registered in traffic accidents were shown according to the type of accident, where the first place is occupied collisions between two or more vehicles, in these occurred 63.2 percent of the deaths. Second, landslides with 17.1 percent. In third place, the abuses, with 15 percent of fatalities. These are the three main types of accidents with fatal results. In addition, according to the distribution of deaths caused by traffic according to the province of occurrence, the highest concentration of them occurs in the following districts: Santo Domingo, Santiago, San Cristóbal, La Vega, La Altagracia, National District and Puerto Silver, in which in the last five years on average there have been approximately 60% of fatalities. During the announcement of the new plan, the director of Intrant, Rafael Arias, said that this new project integrates all the institutions involved in this problem that every year takes the lives of more than three thousand people.