The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, Jeyhun Bayramov, ended on Tuesday the Summit of the countries of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries (NAM), which was held in Serbia, with a call in favor of multilateralism and against interference in the internal affairs of nations.


Ministerial Summit for the 60th anniversary of the NAM advances

In his speech to close the work of the summit that commemorated the 60th anniversary of its founding, Bayramov ratified the founding principles of the organization and multilateralism.

The Foreign Minister of Azerbaijan, a country that has the protempore presidency of the NAM until 2022, reiterated that the nations present at the summit demanded equality in vaccination against Covid-19, and they also spoke out against occupation and colonialism in the world.

At the Belgrade summit in 1961, the group’s reiteration and respect for the States that adhere to the Bandung principles and the principles of International Law were reiterated, he recalled.

For his part, Nikola Selakovic, Foreign Minister of the host country Serbia, thanked those present for their participation in the two days of debate.

In his speech, Selakovic stated that the basic idea around which our predecessors rallied when they founded the Movement was peace. Despite all the pressure, Serbia will never turn its back on its friends.

Belgrade has been, is and will be a proud host for every human being who carries peace within himself, said the head of Serbian diplomacy.

The full members of the NAM are 117 countries and an autonomous territory. By region, 53 African nations participate; for Latin America 26; for Asia 38 and for Europe Belarus.

The observer countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Paraguay, Serbia, Montenegro, Ukraine and Uruguay.

Before the closing, the ambassadors of Cuba and Bolivia to the United Nations (UN), Pedro Luis Pedroso Cuesta and Diego Pary Rodríguez, respectively, agreed on Tuesday that the NAM must continue to forge unity within the diversity of Member States and from the defense of common issues.

Both diplomats took part in the high-level meeting of the NAM held for two days in the Serbian capital (Belgrade), in the context of the commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the First Summit Conference of the Movement.

They agreed on the need to promote multilateralism, solidarity, cooperation and consensus in decision-making in the search for a more just world.

The representative of Cuba recalled that the NAM is based on anti-colonial, anti-imperialist and anti-racist values. He added that the member states subscribe to the right of peoples to self-determination, non-interference in their internal affairs and disarmament, among other pillars.

In turn, the representative of Bolivia stated that the nations that make up the Movement are united by respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter and condemnation of the imposition of measures that violate international law.

Pary Rodríguez called to overcome the challenges raised by the crisis created by Covid-19 with solidarity and cooperation. He underlined the importance of sharing vaccines against this pandemic and future epidemics, and that developing countries access foreign debt service relief.

In characterizing the current global situation, both diplomats emphasized the proliferation of unconventional wars, unilateral restrictive measures and the manipulation of human rights against sovereign countries.

In this regard, Pedroso Cuesta thanked the NAM for the rejection of the inclusion of Cuba in the list of countries that sponsor terrorism drawn up by the United States Government, Washington’s blockade policy against Havana and the recent destabilization campaign against the rule of law and social justice freely chosen by the Cuban people.

For his part, Pary Rodríguez recalled that at the end of 2019 in his country a coup d’état sponsored by the undemocratic right was carried out together with external allies, the armed forces and the Organization of American States (OAS), with a balance of 38 deaths, more than 800 injured and almost 2,000 people arrested.

He added that the struggle and strength of the people made democracy return to Bolivia in a peaceful way, so that now the Bolivian State has the task of doing justice with respect to the Constitution of the country and international law.

The First NAM Summit Conference took place between September 1 and 6, 1961, also in Belgrade, at that time the capital of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Today the organization has 120 member states. The high-level meeting is attended by delegations from 114 countries, of which about 40 are represented by their Minister of Foreign Affairs.

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