At what age does stuttering appear? What are the solutions ? We take stock of this speech and communication disorder on the occasion of World Stuttering Day which takes place on October 22.
Stuttering affects nearly 850,000 people in France, including 8% of children. This speech and communication disorder appears most often between 2 and 5 years old, at the time of language development. But it can also occur up to the age of 7-8 years, and more rarely during teenagehood, reminds l‘Association Speech Stuttering (APB) on the occasion of the 24th World Stuttering Day which takes place this October 22, 2021. Early treatment is essential because stuttering can have repercussions on social and professional life in adulthood. Indeed,“8 out of 10 children will recover spontaneously, for the other two, the disorder is likely to be lasting, specifies the association.
What to do in case of stuttering in a child?
From the onset of stuttering, consult a Speech Therapist trained in the treatment of stuttering makes it possible to react appropriately to the child’s stuttering. At first, it is theparental support which takes precedence. “In particular, it will be a question of allowing parents to react appropriately to their child’s stuttering by adjusting their level of requirements to the child’s abilities.t “, specifies the association. if the child continues to stutter between six months and one year after the onset of this disorder, “regular care becomes necessary, involving direct work with the child and his parents“.
At what age to start treatment?
If treatment is to be undertaken, it is recommended to start it before the age of 5, because the cerebral plasticity is more important and the child has more chances to recover. Some treatments have scientifically proven their effectiveness. These are programs based on the demand and capacity model as well as the programme Lidcombe. This approach is based on a daily assessment of stuttering and positive reinforcements. It consists of involving parents and children, allowing them to determine together the sentences to be corrected, while integrating positive comments when the child pronounces a sentence correctly. The speech therapist also takes care to prevent relapses.
Stammering in children: some tips to help them:
– Help him to pronounce the word on which he is blocking, by getting up to him,
– When blocking, keep eye contact to reassure him, placing a hand on his shoulder if necessary,
– Set aside special time in the evening, to talk to him quietly,
– Ask him only one question at a time,
– Be sure to listen to him when he speaks without doing several things at the same time,
– Pay attention to the speaking turns if several people are speaking at the same time,
– Add more detail to your sentences. For example saying “I liked the way you put your toys away, it really helps” instead of “it’s good to put away”.
– Finally, value him to give him self-confidence!