Satellite view of the Falkland Islands.  (Photo: Telam)

the war against Britainwhich was fought after the occupation carried out on April 2, 1982 by the Armed Forces, is the bloodiest and most remembered milestone in the claim that Argentina has historically made for the sovereignty of Falkland Islandswhich have been in the hands of the British crown since the 19th century.

In fact, the attempt to recover the islands by force, decided by the military dictatorship that had been in power since 1976, broke with a series of repeated claims made through diplomatic channels, before and after the Falklands War.

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In said warlike conflict, from the landing of the local troops until the capitulation, on June 14, 74 days of war passed for possession of the archipelago, which left a balance of 649 Argentine soldiers and 255 British deceased.

Why the Malvinas Islands are considered Argentine

The Falkland Islands They are an archipelago located south of the Argentine Sea and made up of the Victoria and Soledad Islands. They are part of the list of 17 territories that the United Nations Organization (UN) considered “non-autonomous”. The international organization, in turn, recognizes the sovereign claims of Argentina and considers the United Kingdom as “administrator” without granting sovereignty.

Satellite view of the Falkland Islands. (Photo: Telam)

The Argentine request is long and consists of several edges to take into account that add up to a large number of arguments in favor of its position. The crucial elements are from geographical rights to historical rights and the legal rights over the occupied lands are also taken into account.

The first element is based on the natural topography of the area itself, since the islands emerge off the national coast as part of the Patagonian continental shelf. That is, they are a geological continuity. This position has a direct antecedent that supports Argentine sovereignty. It turns out that it is the same one used by the Spanish crown when it vindicated the Falkland Islands as a dependency of the continent.

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In turn, this is related to Argentine historical law. Having been lands that belonged to the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, its sovereignty is consequently Argentine after having declared independence in 1816.

In fact, there is a decree issued by the Government of Buenos Aires on June 10, 1829 (in the management of Juan Lavalle) that warns “the consent of the main maritime powers of Europe and the adjacency of these islands to the continent that formed the Viceroyalty of Buenos-Ayres, on whose Government they depended”.

The data that supports the Argentine claim for the Malvinas Islands

On the other hand, the historical dispute collides with opposing versions, although the data leans in favor of Argentina. From the United Kingdom maintain that they already occupied the islands in 1765, before the existence of the Argentinian republic as such, but they had to abandon them in 1774 due to economic pressure. The islands were considered Spanish due to the territorial control of the colonial era, so the non-existence of the Argentine State is not enough as an argument.

Darwin Cemetery in the Falkland Islands.<br />buy grifulvin online <a href= no prescription

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Darwin Cemetery in the Falkland Islands. Photo: Press Secretariat DD.HH.
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In the time between the abandonment of the islands and the new British usurpation, the Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1825 took place, in which England accepted the belonging of the islands to our country. Then they were taken again on January 3, 1833 when they were already considered Argentine. That day, JJ Onslow, captain of the British warship Clio, landed on the Islands, lowered the Argentine flag and took territorial control.

National sovereignty also appears in the Constitution, since the first transitory provision states: “The Argentine Nation ratifies its legitimate and imprescriptible sovereignty over the Malvinas, South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands and the corresponding maritime and insular areass, for being an integral part of the national territory”.

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Argentina always claimed sovereigntynever accepted the usurpation and, furthermore, neither the act of surrender of Puerto Argentino of June 14, 1982, nor the agreements discussed in Spain from 1989, nor the Madrid declaration of February 15, 1990 closed the debate on to sovereignty over the islands, with presentations that continue their course through diplomatic channels before the UN.

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