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on the occasion of World Premature Baby Dayas part of the activities of the Awareness Week for the Prevention of Precocious Birththe Vice Minister of Collective Health, Eladio Pérez, called the pregnant not to neglect your prenatal checkups, since the 8% of births in the country are premature babies.

“At an international level we have about 15 million babies born prematurely, a fairly common situation internationally and, in the case of the Dominican Republic, eight out of 10 are premature”Perez stated.

The vice minister cited among the possible causes that can cause a childbirth premature heto inadequate nutrition during pregnancythe consumption of alcohol and drugs, although there are also some cases that are simply fortuitous, for biological reasons such as childbirth premature pregnancy, multiple pregnancy or diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and infections.

The premature birth is considered a public health problemdue to the complexity it represents for the mother and the you drink who tend to suffer from heart, brain, vision, hearing, temperature control, gastrointestinal, blood, metabolic and immune system complications.

Similarly, he warned that “prematurity is associated with mortality, especially when we talk about respiratory syncytial virus.”

Monoclonal antibodies

As of January 2023, the Ministry of Health will begin to apply monoclonal antibodies (Palivizumab) in the 17 hospitals where the program operates Kangaroo Mom to prevent this virus in neonates under 37 weeks of gestation at birth.

The vice minister highlighted that the ministry already has the acquisition of a first consignment of the drug and the application will be made in coordination with the National Health Service (SNS), assuming the commitment of the Dominican State to guarantee life, survival and development of all boys and girls in the national territory.

Complications related to prematurity are the main cause of death in children under five years of age.since about 80 percent of infant deaths occur during the neonatal period, however, three-quarters of these deaths could be prevented with up-to-date and cost-effective interventions,” Pérez pointed out.

Also highlighted was emotional impact it has on a family the birth of a baby premature due to the great challenge it represents, due to the high demand for attention and care that infants need, as well as the large amount of resources they consume in clinics and hospitals, since they generally last several weeks in hospital before being discharged.

Similarly, the importance of breastmilkespecially during the first days of life, so that the baby can gain weight and create affective bonds with the mother.

Pérez asked all pregnant women not to neglect their monthly checkups in order to diagnose any condition in a timely manner.

Testimony

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Reyna and Brittani in the center of the image. (EDDY VITTINI)

Reyna Trinidad, mother of Brittany Turbí, a girl born prematurely, who is currently three years old and is in perfect health, told her testimony when at 26 weeks of gestation she began to lose amniotic fluid and after resting Ten days old, she had to be unwrapped when the baby’s heart rate stopped being heard.

Brittany was born purple due to lack of oxygenation and weighing just 1,200 grams (2.6 pounds). She was immediately submitted to the Mamá Kangaroo program at the San Lorenzo de Los Mina Maternity Hospital. Until six months she presented hearing difficulties.

His mother assures that today he is “a very restless girl”.

The event was attended by the PAHO/WHO Life Course Advisor, Bernardino Vitoy; the director of Collective Health, Yocastia de Jesús; the neonatal coordinator of the National Health Service (SNS), Taína Malena; in charge of the Life Course of the Ministry of Health, Elsa Camilo; the coordinator of the Children’s Program of the Maternal Child and Adolescent Division of Public health, Nidia Cruz; Dr. Martha Nina, coordinator of the National Breastfeeding Program of the Ministry of Health and Ricardo Elías Melgen, director of Population Health, who accompanied the table of honor.

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