The Campaign promoted since Father’s Day 2021, focuses on expanding paternity leave, which in Argentina is only 2 days, leaving the country among “the most backward” in Latin America, according to the recitals of the project that the Executive presented last May.
Of the countries in the region that have paternity leave, only Guatemala has 2 days.
They are followed by: Bolivia, Panama and El Salvador with 3 days; Chile, Brazil and Mexico with 5; Ecuador with 10; Uruguay with 13 and Colombia and Venezuela with 14.
With the Care in Equality bill that awaits parliamentary treatment, Argentina would have a 15-day paternity leave that will grow progressively.
In Europe, Italy has a paternity leave of 10 mandatory days and one optional, while in France it is 28 days, and Spain equaled both leaves, which, as of 2021, are 16 weeks for mothers and fathers.
Scandinavian countries like Sweden, for example, have an even longer scheme of 480 days to share between parents.
International experience “shows that only licenses with the same number of days, the same degree of obligation and the same source of financing are the ones that guarantee true gender equality in care,” says the Argentine bill in its foundations.
A 2020 investigation by the International Policy Center for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) and the UNICEF Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), provides more context to this need that would collaborate to real equality and equity.
“Although female participation in the labor market in LAC has increased significantly in recent decades, women continue to be the main caregivers for children. Therefore, the inclusion of fathers in leave can promote co-responsibility and, therefore, gender equality in the country”, highlighted the document entitled Maternity and paternity in the workplace in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The Argentine initiative uses the terms “license for pregnant person” (replaces maternity leave) and “license for non-pregnant person” (replaces paternity leave) to include all gender identities and family compositions.
And it promotes the increase in licenses for non-pregnant people, which is expected to be progressive: as of the entry into force, it will be raised to 15 days; after two years, to 30; after four, to 45; beyond six, to 60 days, and upon completion of eight years of the law, the license will be 90 days.