By the end of 2022, more than 16.6 thousand km of roads will be built and repaired in Russia. Over the next five years, the government intends to bring almost 140,000 km of tracks into a standard condition: 13 trillion rubles have been reserved for this purpose. These are quite realistic plans, provided that the financing of the road industry will be carried out in the right amount, experts say. Details – in the material “Izvestia”.
Thousands of kilometers
2022 will be a record year for the number of highways put into operation. This was stated by Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin within the framework of the Transport of Russia forum. According to him, the length of constructed and repaired roads in the country is increasing every year. At the same time, many facilities are put into operation ahead of schedule and plans are exceeded every year.
“This year, according to forecasts for November, we can confidently say that we will have the largest volume of repaired roads in the entire history of the country,” Khusnullin said.
Repair of a section of the Kolyma highway
As of the beginning of November, the work plan for the national project “Safe and high-quality roads” was completed by 95%, note at the Federal Highway Agency. According to the agency, by the end of this year, almost 6 thousand road facilities with a total length of more than 16.6 thousand km will be brought to the standard.
According to experts, the most significant event in the road industry is the opening of traffic on two sections of the new M-12 Moscow-Kazan highway in the Moscow and Vladimir regions. According to Marat Khusnullin, another section will be opened on this route by the end of the year.
— The site will be opened on December 13, — clarified Chairman of the Board of Avtodor State Corporation Vyacheslav Petushenko.
A new section of the M-7 Volga highway in Chuvashia
Taking into account previously opened sections of this road, a total of 106 km of the new highway will be put into operation in 2022, he noted. Another important road project, experts call the opening of a new section of the route in the Sverdlovsk region, which closed the ring road around Yekaterinburg.
In addition, a major overhaul of 80 km of gravel sections of the Lena federal highway was completed during the year: according to plans, this road will become completely asphalted in 2024. Similar work to “eliminate gravel and crushed stone gaps” was carried out on the Kolyma highway, as well as on the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk – Okha road.
In the Sakhalin Region, the start was given to traffic on the renovated section of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk-Okha highway
Also, within a year after the reconstruction, sections of the Siberia highway were opened in the Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Tomsk and Kemerovo regions. Detours appeared in Maikop, Kaluga, bypass roads around Novosibirsk and Saratov.
Despite the fact that the DPR, LPR, Zaporizhia and Kherson regions became part of Russia quite recently, active construction and restoration of road infrastructure is also underway in these regions. According to Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin, “500 km of roads and about 15 span structures” will be repaired in the new territories.
Accelerating the pace of road construction has become possible due to the emergence of national projects, within which work is being carried out, experts say. According to Mikhail Blinkin, director of the Institute for Transport Economics and Transport Policy, this made it possible to coordinate the work of federal, regional and local authorities, as well as to reverse the situation with a lack of funds in the road industry.
Reconstructed section of the federal road A-181 “Scandinavia”
“Unlike in previous years, the situation with the financing of road projects has normalized: money for the construction and reconstruction of roads is allocated without interruption and in the required volumes. Accordingly, work is being carried out according to plan, and often ahead of schedule, Blinkin told Izvestia.
A member of the Public Council of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation Alexander Shumsky agrees with him. According to him, the national projects allowed streamlining the financing of the road industry. However, the focus is primarily on large road facilities, primarily at the federal level. Smaller regional projects are often overlooked, he said. As an example, the expert cited the situation that has developed in the city of Tarusa, Kaluga Region.
In the Angara region on the highway “Siberia” traffic was opened along the transport bypass of two settlements
– A few years ago, a ferry across the Oka was closed near the city. As a result, to get to the other side by car, you have to make a detour of almost 50 km. The situation could be corrected by the construction of a bridge. But for the federal level, this project is too “small”, and the region cannot master it on its own,” said Alexander Shumsky in a conversation with Izvestia.
Road five-year plan
Experts call the transition to five-year planning in the industry a significant change in the approach to road construction. According to Mikhail Blinkin, this allows customers and contractors to understand the scope of work ahead and allocate resources in advance. For the next five years, such a plan has already accepted the Cabinet of Ministers, funding in the amount of 13 trillion rubles is planned for it.
— We agreed and approved a very important five-year road construction plan for us. It will allow not only linking and synchronizing the entire road construction in the country, calculating our forces and capacities in advance, but will also give impetus to the development of related industries and the introduction of new technologies,” Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin said.
Construction of the Novosibirsk bypass
He noted that, according to the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, by 2024, 85% of roads in urban agglomerations and at least 50% of regional roads, as well as by 2027 – 85% of the roads of the backbone network should be brought to the normative state.
According to Khusnullin, this figure for regional routes is already almost 49%. As for urban agglomerations, it is planned to reach the required level next year.
“138 thousand km of roads of the backbone network, along which the bulk of cargo and passengers move, will be fully brought to the norm by 2027,” the Deputy Prime Minister emphasized.
According to Alexander Shumsky, a member of the Public Council of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, this task is quite realistic provided that uninterrupted financing of the road industry in the required volumes is maintained.