Census 2022: from first to last, how did the population evolve in Argentina?

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The 1,877,490 people registered included the National Army that intervened in the War of the Triple Alliance and Argentines abroad. The population of Chaco, Chubut (except the Welsh Colony), Formosa, La Pampa, Misiones, Neuquén, Río Negro, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego was not censused but estimated, since these provinces were not under the control of the national State.

Second Census: 1895

  • May 10, 1895
  • 4,044,911 inhabitants
  • 536,034 houses

The Second Census of the Argentine Republic developed after the territorial unification of the country after the incorporation of Patagonia, Chaco, Formosa, La Pampa and Misiones. These territories were included in the census. Simultaneously, an agricultural and industrial count was also carried out but, as in the previous census, no household count was performed.

In 1895, 3,954,911 inhabitants were registered without counting the population of Indians, estimated at 30,000 people.. The population density went from 0.6 to 1.4 people per square kilometer. At that time, European immigration had also become massive: one in four inhabitants was a foreigner, mostly of Italian and Spanish originand more foreign than native males between 30 and 59 years old were registered.

Third National Census: 1914

  • June 1, 1914
  • 7,905,502 inhabitants
  • Houses were not counted

In the third population census, the census questionnaire of “nominative list” inherited from the first censuses of the post-colonial stage was left aside (each row corresponds to a census person) and personal records were incorporated that improved the collection and processing of the data collected.

The results showed that Argentina had a population of 7,885,237 inhabitants, not counting the indigenous population –estimated at 18,425–, people not included in the census because they live in remote areas –most of Formosa, with an estimated sum of 20,000–, and omissions –calculated at 118,582–.

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Besides, the highest proportion of non-native population in the country’s history was recorded: 29.9% of people were born abroad.

In this edition, the inquiry about the educational situation: questions were included to find out if boys and girls between 6 and 14 years old went to school or if they received instruction at home; It was also asked about the number of grades completed in primary school.

Given the growing presence of foreign population, The questionnaire included a question that asked if people born in another country had been naturalized as Argentines.

Fourth Census: 1947

  • April 19, 20 and 21 and May 10, 11 and 12, 1947
  • 15,803,827 inhabitants
  • 3,487,182 homes

The Fourth General Census of 1947 collected demographic, agricultural and economic information.a. His design implied a break with the three previous censuses since included new observation units based on four types of census questionnaires: individual, family, housing and coexistence.

It was held on April 19, 20 and 21 in the areas located south of the 42nd parallel, and on May 10, 11 and 12 in the area north of the aforementioned parallel, which is the one that defines the boundary between Río Negro and Chubut.

The census population reached 15,893,827 inhabitants and it was estimated that some 161,938 people were left out of the survey. For the first time, the population of Argentine Antarctica was counted and that of the Malvinas Islands was estimated.

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With the 1947 Census, the use of mechanical means for data collection was inaugurated instead of the manual methods that had been used: 20 card punching machines and 6 sorters, with a staff of about 180 people.

It was not only asked about the sociodemographic characteristics of the people, but also about the characteristics of the family and the dwelling. The number of rooms, the predominant construction materials of the dwelling, the use of fuels and energy, furniture and appliances, and the tenure regime of the dwelling were some of the topics included in the census questionnaire.

National Population, Housing and Agricultural Census: 1960

  • September 30, 1960
  • 20,013,793 inhabitants
  • 4,681,333 private homes

The 1960 Census counted 20,013,793 people. There was still a large proportion of foreign-born people: 13% of the total. As of this census, the international recommendations to carry out operations in years ending in zero began to be complied with.

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It was the first survey that inquired about the place of habitual residence in a certain period prior to the date of the census.. People born in another country were also asked the year of arrival, the place where they established their residence when they arrived, the place of habitual residence and since what year they resided in that place.

A novel contribution of the Census is the question on marital status, which inquired not only about legal status but also about de facto conjugal union.

National Census of Population, Families and Housing: 1970

  • September 30, 1970
  • 23,364,431 inhabitants
  • 6,429,482 homes

The General Census of Population, Families and Housing of 1970 was the first survey carried out by the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC)created in 1968, and the first to comply with international recommendations for population and housing censuses, to carry it out every ten years.

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This survey was exclusively of population and housing, and did not include the specific counts in the agricultural and economic areas. Total, 23,364,431 people were registered in which they recorded drop in percentage of foreign population While consolidating the concentration in urban areas as a result of internal migratory movements.

The Census included a modification in the question about the number of children born alive to all women over 12 years of age, since andn previous censuses, this question was only asked of married and widowed women. The number of children born who were alive at the time of the census was also asked to measure mortality.

Another particularity of this Census was the exclusion of disability questionswhich appeared in the census questionnaires since 1869.

Seventh National Census: 1991

  • May 15, 1991
  • 32,615,528 inhabitants
  • 10,062,731 private homes

The National Census of Population and Housing of Argentina of 1991 It should have been held in August 1990 but, given the financial emergency at the time, it was extended by presidential decree until 1991.

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Questions referring to health coverage and the social security situation were incorporated.and for the first time remuneration was stipulated for “people who carried out census tasks”.

For the first time, immigrants from neighboring countries outnumber Europeans.

Eighth Census: 2001

  • November 17 and 18, 2001
  • 36,260,130 inhabitants
  • 12,041,584 private homes

The 2001 Population Census, which was planned for the year 2000, was also postponed due to budget constraints. Unlike the 1980 and 1991 surveys, the sampling technique was not used, but a single questionnaire was applied to the entire population.

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The registered population was 36,260,130 inhabitants. The percentage of non-native population over the total was 4.2%, the lowest in history. East It was the first census survey that could be consulted from the INDEC website through an online database.

The census questionnaire included a series of questions about the access to goods and services that the dwelling had: refrigerator with or without freezer, common or automatic washing machine, fixed telephone, cell phone, cable television, computer, internet access. For the first time, the infrastructure of services close to the dwelling was investigated.

For the first time, a question on self-recognition and belonging to native peoples was included, and the theme of the population’s disability was taken up again.which had not been asked since the 1960 Census.

Bicentennial Census: 2010

  • October 27, 2010
  • 40,117,096 inhabitants
  • 13,812,125 private homes

The 2010 Census, called the “Bicentennial Census”, resumed the sampling technique used in 1980 and 1991, with the application of a basic and an expanded questionnaire.

In the extended census questionnaire a question on the Afro-descendant population in the household was incorporated and, as in 2001, they inquired about belonging to native peoples in the home.

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The Census counted 40,117,096 people. Of that total, 70% was concentrated in six jurisdictions: Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Province of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Santa Fe, Mendoza and Tucumán. For the first time since 1914, a growth in the percentage of non-native population was observedwhich rose to 4.5%.

For the second consecutive census, the results were once again made available to users in the Redatam+SP database for custom processing.

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