China announced this Friday that it will impose sanctions against the speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, after his trip to Taiwan this week, considering that it was a “provocation”. Also, it arranged suspend various cooperation mechanisms with Washingtonincluding on the climate issue and in defence.
With that visit, Pelosi “seriously interfered in China’s internal affairs and seriously undermined its sovereignty and territorial integrity”for which “sanctions” will be imposed against the legislator and “her immediate family,” said the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Asian giant, which sees the island of Taiwan as its own, has imposed sanctions against several US officials in recent years for having acted, in its opinion, against its interests and for having spoken out on human rights in relation to Hong Kong and the Xinjiang region (northwest), reported the AFP news agency.
In March, Beijing placed visa restrictions on an unpublished list of US officials whom it accused of “making up lies about human rights issues involving China.”
The details of the sanctions
The Asian giant’s Foreign Ministry reported that, due to Pelosi’s visit, Telephone calls on security and military issues with senior US officials are suspended.
The ministry indicated that the planned work meeting between representatives of the Chinese and US Defense ministries was also cancelled, while announcing the suspension of a meeting of the China-US Maritime Military Security Consultation Mechanism.
In addition, talks on climate changecooperation for the repatriation of migrants between both countries, the joint work for judicial assistance and the fight against transnational crimes and drug trafficking.
Pelosi described today as “ridiculous” that her visit to Taiwan could harm the island and assured that the objective of his Asian tour is not to change the “status quo”, but to maintain it.
At a press conference at the United States embassy in Japan, the last stop on her trip through Asia, the legislator maintained that the intention of the trip was always to “show respect” to the countries visited and “have peace in the Taiwan Strait.” .
Chinawhich considers Taiwan as part of its territory, started on thursdayin response to Pelosi’s visit, the most important military exercises in decades around the islandwhich will conclude on Sunday.
Taiwan denounced today that Beijing crossed the dividing line with the island with fighter planes, warships and missiles, an informal but strictly respected border until now, in an action that it described as “highly provocative.”
Taiwan’s Defense Ministry claimed that 68 Chinese warplanes and 13 warships crossed the “median line” of the strait separating the island from mainland China during military exercises.
“We condemn the communist army that has deliberately crossed the middle line of the strait, harassing by air and sea around Taiwan,” the ministry said in a statement, quoted by the AFP news agency.
He added: “This Chinese military exercise, whether by launching ballistic missiles or crossing the middle line of the strait, is a highly provocative act.”
The exercises, which China’s official news agency calls “joint blockade operations,” use fighters, bombers, destroyers and frigates, take place on busy waterways and include long-range live ammunition fire.
“They are a necessary response to Pelosi’s visit,” said Chinese authorities, who did not formally confirm whether their missiles flew over the island and declined to comment on the trajectory of the projectiles.
The position of the United States
The White House, meanwhile, summoned China’s ambassador to Washington to condemn what it called “irresponsible” behavior by Beijing in relation to Taiwan.
The spokesman for the National Security Council, John Kirbyreported that the ambassador Qing Gang was summoned by the noise of military sabers and the “provocative” attitude of China.
“We condemn the military actions of the People’s Republic of China, which are irresponsible, contrary to our long-standing goal of maintaining peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait,” Kirby said.
He added: “We made it clear to the ambassador that Beijing’s actions are of concern to Taiwan, to us and to our partners around the world.” In this sense, he highlighted the concern of the G7the group that brings together the largest Western economies, and the Asian regional grouping ASEAN.
“Finally, we make it clear once again, as we have done privately at the highest level and publicly: nothing has changed in our one China policyKirby remarked, alluding to the US position of acknowledging China’s view that Taiwan is part of its territory.
The international look
The speed with which the conflict is escalating is causing international concern. UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres believes it is impossible to address the world’s great challenges without cooperation between the United States and China.
“For the secretary general, there is no way to solve the world’s most pressing problems without effective dialogue and cooperation between the two countriesGuterres spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters when asked about China’s decision to end collaboration with the United States on several key issues.
For his part, the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs, Josep Borrell, called on “all parties” to maintain “calm” and “moderation” and called for “resolving differences by peaceful means”, in order to avoid “tragic consequences”.