Zaffaroni, even declared himself in favor of a composition of 24 judgesone proposed by each province, to give a “true federal sense” to the conduct of the court and considered that “the fundamental thing is to be clear about the institutional defects” of the Judicial Power, beyond the number of its members.
For Zaffaroni, “to solve the conflicts of the citizens and to guarantee the supremacy of the constitutional norms”, two of the objectives that the role of the Court has, “are not done in a satisfactory way” and He added that the concentration of the resolution of cases in only three people “is a republican problem.”
Currently, the Supreme Court is made up of four members, after the resignation of the only woman who was part of it, Ellen Highton of Nolasco.
For his part, former Minister Arslanian did not rule out that the alternative proposed by Zaffaroni of raising the number of judges on the Court to 24 is a good one and said that in any case it should not be less than ten.
“The objective of having more judges is to get the cases out more quickly, but also to strengthen the debate on important federal issues,” he pointed out and said that “Three people cannot just discuss a sensitive issue such as the gender issue or abortion to decide what will later be the law applicable to 44 million inhabitants.”
Arlasnian further stated that the requirement of rotation in the presidency of the court is necessary and said “the Court would not cease to be one because it was made up of several chambers”, another of the points proposed in the four bills being discussed in the Senate.
The former judge Maria Garrigos de Rebori another of the speakers invited to the plenary session of senators by the ruling party, considered that this is “the opportunity” to discuss “the increase in the number of judges on the Court, gender parity and the division by chambers.”
He also stated that the Court “does not serve to integrate the Council of the Judiciary, it is not part of the instances, it is not a fourth instance.”
Parliamentary sources reported that the discussion would resume next June in committee for the issuance of the opinion and its elevation to the full body.
The texts analyzed are from senators Alberto Weretilnek (Together We Are Río Negro), Adolfo Rodríguez Saá (FdT-San Luis), Silvia Sapag (FdT-Neuquén) and Clara Vega (Hay Futuro-La Rioja), and all propose greater federalism and appointment of judges by regions, as well as gender parity