Ephemeris of November 19: What happened in the world on a day like today
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On November 19, but in the year 2000, Alberto Fujimori resigned from Japan to the Presidency of Peru.


1493.- Columbus landed on the island of Borinquenwhich he called San Juan Bautista, today San Juan de Puerto Rico.

1819.- The Prado Museum in Madrid opens its doors for the first time with only 311 exhibited works.

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1837.- Inauguration of the first Cuban railwaywhich linked Havana with Benjucal.

1859.- begins the war in Africa between Spanish and Moroccan troops.

1882.- Laying of the first stone of the Argentine city of La Platafounded by Dardo Rocha, governor of Buenos Aires.

1911.- The President of the Dominican Republic, General Ramón Cáceres, is assassinated.

1931.- Adolf Windaus, gottingen researcher announces that it has been possible to manufacturethrough radiation, of vitamin D1 in the form of pure crystals.

1977.- Historic trip of the president of Egypt, Anwar el Sadat, to Israelwhich led to the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

1984.- Several liquefied petroleum gas explosions at the facilities of the Petróleo Mexicano company (Pemex) in Mexico City they cause more than 450 deaths and some 4,000 injuries.

1985.- Summit in Geneva between the top leaders of the USA, Ronald Reagan, and the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachevon the reduction of nuclear weapons. It ends without agreements.

1990.- NATO and the Warsaw Pact sign the declaration that ends the Cold War.

1991.- More than 80 dead when a train derailed in Tehuacánthe biggest railway tragedy in Mexico.

1995.- Victory of the social democratic candidate, the ex-communist Aleksander Kwasniewski, in the presidential elections of Poland in front of the outgoing president, Lech Walesa.

1996.- Historical interview in the Vatican between John Paul II and the Cuban president, Fidel Castro. The Pontiff accepts the invitation to visit Cuba.

2001.- Four western journalists -among them Spanish Julio Fuentes from the newspaper El Mundo and an Afghan are killed between Jalalabad and Kabul.

2002.- Catastrophe of the oil tanker “Prestige” with 77,000 tons of fuel. It breaks in two, is towed out to sea and sinks less than 250 kilometers from Fisterra (A Coruña, northwestern Spain).

2004.- The Defense Ministers of America subscribe to the “Declaration of Quito” to strengthen security on the continent.

2007.- Khieu Sampan, former president of the bloody Cambodian regime of the Khmer Rouge, was arrested. of the seventies.

– Queen Elizabeth II of England and Prince Philip of Edinburgh celebrate their Diamond Jubilee at a ceremony held at Westminster Abbey.

2012.- The International Court of Justice remodels the maritime border between Nicaragua and Colombia, to which it recognizes sovereignty over the San Andrés archipelago, and which for Managua means leaving the limit set by the 82nd meridian.

2013.- the mexican writer Elena Poniatowska wins the Cervantes Prize.

2016.- The Marrakech climate summit (COP22) ends. The document to implement the Paris Agreement is signed.


1831.- James A. GarfieldUS President

1900.-Anna SeghersGerman writer.

1912.- George Emil PaladeAmerican biologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine 1974.

1913.- Ataúlfo ArgentaSpanish conductor.

1917.- Indira Gandhi, indian politics.

1920.- Gene TierneyAmerican actress.

1933.- Larry King, American journalist and writer.

1938.- Ted TurnerAmerican businessman.

1942.- Calvin Klein, American designer.

1954.- Abdel Fatah Al SisiEgyptian politician.

1961.- Meg RyanAmerican actress.

1962.- Jodie Foster, American actress.

1976.- Jack DorseyAmerican businessman, co-founder of Twitter.


1828.- Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist and composer.

1988.- Cristina OnassisGreek billionaire.

1998.- Alan J. PakulaAmerican film director and producer.

2006.-Francis GirodFrench filmmaker.

2007.- Magda SzabóHungarian novelist.

2013.- Frederick SangerBritish biochemist, ‘father of genomics’, Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice.

2014.- Mike NicholsAmerican film director.

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