The European Parliament (EP) will approve on Wednesday, in Strasbourg (France), a resolution that recognizes Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism so that Moscow will respond for crimes allegedly committed in Ukraine.
The resolution, which was debated in the October plenary session, is guaranteed approval by the EP’s two largest groups, the European People’s Party (EPP) and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D).
A Greens/European Free Alliance delegation, which included Vice-President Terry Reintke (Germany), discussed the EP initiative in Kiev with Deputy Chief of Staff Ihor Zhovkva, the Ukrainian presidency announced in a statement on Saturday.
“This behavior by Russia is a direct justification for the need for the European Parliament to adopt a resolution designating Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism,” Zhovka said, referring to Russian attacks on Ukraine, quoted in the statement.
Zhovka noted efforts by the Greens/European Free Alliance to “secure strong support for Ukraine” from the EP, including initiatives to investigate and prosecute alleged Russian war crimes, and to create a mechanism for compensation by Russia for damages caused to the country neighbor.
The resolution, which will be voted on nine months after the Russian invasion, is not binding, like the resolutions condemning President Vladimir Putin’s regime approved by the United Nations General Assembly.
“By declaring Russia a state sponsor of terrorism, MEPs want to pave the way for Putin and his government to be held accountable for these crimes before an international court”, said the EP ahead of the November plenary session, which begins on Monday. -fair.
The European Union (EU) does not have a legal framework that allows it to declare a State as a sponsor of terrorism – as recalled by the European commissioner for Home Affairs, the Swedish Ylva Johansson, in the debate in October -, unlike the United States.
The US State Department currently has Syria (since 1979), Iran (1984), North Korea (2017) and Cuba (2021) on its list of state sponsors of terrorism.
In September, President Joe Biden’s administration announced that it would not include Russia on the list, despite resolutions to that effect passed by both chambers of Congress, for fear of “unintended consequences for Ukraine and the world”.
Still on the war in Ukraine, the agenda of the November session of the EP includes the approval of a loan of 18,000 million euros to Kiev and a debate on international efforts to avoid a food crisis.
MEPs will also debate the non-acceptance in the EU of passports issued by Russia in illegally occupied areas of Georgia and Ukraine.
On the agenda is also the approval of the EU budget for 2023, which “aims at greater effectiveness in dealing with the consequences of the war in Ukraine and the process of recovery from the pandemic” of covid-19.
Creating a roadmap for digital skills, managing migration flows to Europe, strengthening the presence of women on company boards, human rights in Qatar and protecting essential EU infrastructure are other topics on the agenda. plenary.
MEPs will also mark, on Tuesday, the 70 years of the EP, in a ceremony that will open with a statement by the president of parliament, the Maltese Roberta Metsola.