The family photo from the Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles.

In the closing of the IX Summit of the Americas in the United StatesPresident Alberto Fernandez fulfilled this Friday, June 10, together with his peers from the region with the traditional family photo of the conclave, in the city of Los Angeles. The Argentine President corresponded a place in the front rowflanked by their peers Jair Bolsonaro (Brazil) and irfaan ali (Guyana). In the center of the image was the president of the United States, Joe Biden, as host, together with the Colombian Ivan Duke (Colombia) and Paraguayan Mario Abdo Benitez (Paraguayan).

As a result of the Summit, several documents were signed, on “Democratic Governance”, “Transition to Clean Energy”, “Sustainable and Green Future”, “Digital Transformation” Y “Health and Resilience”, but perhaps the most important achievement has been the “Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection”a regional agreement so that migratory crises are faced jointly, a commitment that was supported by Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, United States, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.

Biden called the initiative “historic compromise”along with the leaders of the 20 signatory countries, all to a greater or lesser extent affected by the problems generated by the great migration, including the Chilean Gabriel Boric, who faces serious problems due to the massive arrival of Venezuelan citizens in the north of the country .

“Each of us makes commitments that recognize the challenges we all share,” Biden celebrated on a podium with a background of flags from the countries present, from Chile to Canada, passing through Peru and Colombia and the Central American nations. “This is just the beginning. There is much work to be done,” the president added.

The United States will receive more migrants from Latin America

The White House worked against the clock to close the points of the declaration, and thus the United States will triple to 20,000 the number of migrants it will receive from Latin America in 2023 and 2024, and will allocate 314 million dollars in aid for migrants in the region.

Biden also promised to “increase” the reception of Haitian refugees, without specifying figures, and to grant 11,500 temporary work visas to citizens of Haiti and Central America due to the shortage of labor. For comparison, Washington promised to take in 100,000 Ukrainians after Russia invaded their country. For its part, Mexico will double border work permits, reaching up to 30,000 Guatemalans.

Costa Rica will extend protections to Cubans, Nicaraguans and Venezuelans who have arrived before March 2020, after the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, the White House said.

Since 2017, the United States has been the main destination for hundreds of thousands of people fleeing poverty and criminal violence in Central American countries and migrating to the United States through Mexico from south to north in large caravans. According to April figures from the US border agency (CBP), some 7,500 irregular migrants try to cross the border with Mexico every day.

Alberto Fernández and the Argentine delegation undertook this same night the return to Buenos Aires. As is known, the President was accompanied by the first lady, Fabiola Yáñez; the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Sergio Massa; the chancellor, Santiago Cafiero; the Minister of Health, Carla Vizzoti, the spokesperson for the Presidency, Gabriela Cerruti; the Secretary General of the Presidency, Julio Vitobello; of Strategic Affairs, Gustavo Béliz; the Legal and Technical secretaries, Vilma Ibarra; and Climate Change, Sustainable Development and Innovation, Cecilia Nicolini. In addition, the head of the Cabinet of Advisors, Juan Manuel Olmos, and the national deputy, Eduardo Valdés, were also part of the delegation.

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