This Wednesday, June 22, a new anniversary of the Day of Latin American and Caribbean Unity is celebrated, and it is received with renewed encouragement after the electoral triumph of progressive options that promote the integration of the region and with the consolidation of initiatives that work in for this goal.
CELAC will denounce exclusions at the Summit of the Americas
It was in 2001 when the Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) decreed that the Day of Latin American and Caribbean Unity be celebrated every June 22, the date on which the Amphictyonic Congress was installed in 1826.
The Amphictyonic Congress, installed on June 22, 1826 in Panama City, responded to the dreams of integration that the Liberator Simón Bolívar had and whose objective was to collaborate in the consolidation of the unity of the new republics, creating a confederation of the Ibero-American peoples that included from Mexico to Chile and Argentina.
In recent years the progressive options in the subcontinent have won the elections to establish integrationist governments, examples of which are Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Honduras and more recently Colombia, which will be governed as of August by the leftist Gustavo Petro.
After Petro’s electoral victory, in the second electoral round held on June 19, the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), affirmed that with his arrival “a new stage” begins in the Latin American and Caribbean region.
He also recalled that “when we arrived (in 2018) there were few countries that had progressive governments. As of our arrival, a new stage begins and there are important victories and yesterday’s was historic”, he said in reference to Petro’s victory.
Latin America will very likely see an increase in the number of progressive administrations next October, when Brazilians will go to the polls to elect a new president between the right-wing Jair Bolsonaro, who is seeking reelection, and the leftist Luiz Inácio Lula Da Silva. , who intends to return to power and is considered a favorite by the electoral polls.
Union without exclusions
Another recent moment of consolidation of regional integration occurred within the framework of the celebration of the IX Summit of the Americas, which took place in the month of June in the city of Los Angeles, California, and which had the characteristic of that the host country, the United States (USA), excluded the governments of Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua.
After knowing this decision, the Mexican president López Obrador, and others such as those of Honduras, Argentina and Bolivia, among others, conditioned their presence in the continental conclave to the participation of the rulers of the excluded nations.
In an article recently published, the Venezuelan ambassador to Mexico, Francisco Javier Arias Cárdenas, stated that “the pronouncements of Mexico, Argentina, Honduras, Cuba, among other sister countries, regarding the US decision to prevent the voice and feelings of our peoples from being heard at the Summit of the Americas, ratifies that the destiny of the region is union, brotherhood, cooperation, solidarity and complementarity, which allow agreements and pacts in favor of the interests of the hardest hit in our societies”.
He recalled that the recent Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America -People’s Trade Treaty- (ALBA TCP), held in Cuba, called for “the need for a change in hemispheric relations, non-interference in internal affairs, in the use of threats and force, peaceful settlement of disputes and self-determination of peoples. They are claims for constructive unity among the peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean.”
ALBA-TCP and CELAC
In recent months, integrationist instances such as ALBA-TCP and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) have strengthened their role as organizations in favor of regional unity.
Celac, whose pro tempore presidency is held by Argentina in 2022, denounced -in the voice of Argentine President Alberto Fernández- the US policy of exclusion at the Summit of the Americas.
“We would have wanted another Summit of the Americas. The silence of the absent challenges us. So that this does not happen again, I would like to make it clear for the future that the fact of being the host country of the Summit does not grant the ability to impose a ‘right of admission’ on the member countries of the continent”, said Argentine President Alberto Fernández in his speech at the plenary meeting of the hemispheric conclave.
ALBA-TCP, for its part, when celebrating its 21st summit in Havana, Cuba, issued a statement in which it repudiated the exclusions and discriminatory treatment that the United States granted at the Summit of the Americas, held in Los Angeles. .
The statement considered “arbitrary, ideological and politically motivated” the exclusion of several countries from the Summit of the Americas.
In contrast, the ALB-TCP was ratified as an instrument of union of peoples, based on the principles of solidarity, social justice, cooperation and economic complementarity; with the genuine regional integration led by CELAC and with the postulates of the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace.