Keys to remove a plug of wax without hurting the ear (Photo: Pixabay)
Keys to remove a plug of wax without hurting the ear (Photo: Pixabay)

Sudden hearing loss or the sensation of hearing our own voice while speaking can indicate the presence of a wax plug in the ear. Although it is annoying, it is not a serious disorder and to solve it, it is enough to extract it.

Why does a wax plug form?

Naturally, the organism generates cerumen (wax) in the external auditory canal (the canal that goes from the eardrum to the outside of the ear) that serves to eliminate cell debris and protect the thin skin that covers it. The wax also fulfills the function of maintaining the pH of this channel and defending it against infections and blows.

On certain occasions, the accumulation of this substance can occur, causing the ear canal to be obstructed with a plug of wax. LThe most common causes of its formation are:

* Alteration of the natural cleaning mechanism of the ear due to an inadequate cleaning process, generally due to the use of cotton swabs or swabs. Therefore, its use is totally discouraged.

* Excessive wax manufacturing.

* Non-rectilinear ear canal.

To theSome people may present wax plugs repeatedly throughout their lives and others never, since both the quantity and quality of the wax is very variable from one individual to another. There is also a certain genetic propensity to have them.

Although they can affect anyone, wax plugs occur mainly in older adults because the skin of the external auditory canal has less migratory capacity. In addition, this disorder has a higher incidence in summer, since the accumulated wax in the ear absorbs water and swells, which causes the formation of a plug. Sometimes an act as simple as a head wash is enough for these to appear.

how it manifests

Sudden hearing loss is one of the clearest symptoms to recognize that you have a wax plug in your ear. This manifestation is usually drastic (it is common to stop hearing “from one day to the next”), although temporary, since hearing recovers after the plug is removed.

Along with this symptom, there may also be:

• Autophony: The person has the sensation of hearing their own voice when they speak.

• When chewing, you have the sensation of listening to the noise produced by the jaws colliding with each other.

• Ear pain of medium intensity.

• Sensation of plugging.

• Buzzing.

• Sensation of instability: Sometimes, a plug in the ear can cause slight dizziness.

Ideas to extract it

Once the wax plug has been installed in the ear, a visit to the otolaryngologist is recommended, who will remove it with a specific instrument. Sodium carbonate drops can be useful to soften earwax, making it easier for the specialist to remove it. However, other drops such as boric acid or antibiotic drops do not work for this purpose.

On the other hand, it is likely that during the consultation the otolaryngologist will perform an examination called an otoscopy on the patient. With this examination, the external auditory canal, the eardrum -to verify that there is no perforation- and the middle ear can be visualized.

what?How do you clean the inside of the ear?

ANDThe ear should not be cleaned by instrumental maneuvers performed by oneself or by a third party (for example, cleaning children’s ears). Earwax drainage is spontaneous and only the excess that comes out of the hole should be removed without inserting elements inside it, due to the risk of trauma, bleeding and the formation of an impacted wax plug.

To keep the ear canal clean, it is advisable to wash the ear every fortnight with reduced hydrogen peroxide, in order to avoid whatThe wax solidifies and plugs can form.

In addition to limiting excessive cleaning of the ears, to avoid their formation, it is also advisable not to stay for a long time in places where the air has a high concentration of dust, and to carry out an annual check-up with a specialist doctor, especially before summer, to remove any excess wax.

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