Malvinas: 40 years without the islands

On June 10, Argentina once again commemorated the “Day of the affirmation of Argentine rights over Falkland IslandsGeorgias del Sur y Sandwich del Sur and the surrounding maritime spaces”, a claim signed when the war for the recovery of the archipelago waged in 1982 was far away and ended with the surrender of the troops under the command of General Mario Benjamín Menéndez before the British commander Jeremy Moore, 40 years ago today.

On June 14, 1982, the English flag rose again to the mast of Puerto Argentino and a historic war was ending for many reasons.

Tumbledown: the last combat of the Malvinas War, by Martín Balza

The history of the Falkland Islands

In November 1973, Law 20,561 was sanctioned in the country, which established today as the day to express and reaffirm the claim of sovereignty over the territories of the Malvinas Islands and surrounding areas, currently dominated by the British government. The choice of this date corresponds to the fact that this same day, but 1829the first was created Political and Military Commanda political-military entity through which the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata exercised control of the Malvinas Islands archipelago.

Command was appointed to Louis Vernetwho thus became the first Governor of the Falkland Islands and adjacencies to Cape Horn. Here begins part of the history that we already know: on January 3, 1833, English troops forcibly displaced the inhabitants and the Argentine institutions that worked there.

Since this displacement and British invasion, successive Argentine governments have asked, through diplomatic channels and without favorable results, to open a dialogue to find a solution to this conflict.

A 40 years after the end of the War we listen to a group of young people who grew up without it, only listening and reading the memories of history.

In addition, the ex-combatant Marcelo Aceto, the psychologist Melicchio and the Dr. in history from the UBA and CONICET researcher, María Inés Tato, provide the historical framework.

The international claim

The United Nations General Assembly recognized the conflict in 1965 and understood it as an act of colonialism that violates basic human rights, puts international security at risk and contradicts Resolution 1514 (1960), which exhorts the countries that still maintain colonies to dissolve them. The argentinian claim It is accompanied by numerous Latin American countries, the UN and the International Community.

This day is part of the interministerial initiative “Malvinas Agenda 40 years” whose principles are recognition and the tribute of the Argentine people to the fallen, their relatives and the veterans of Malvinas; the dissemination and visibility of their sovereign rights and the persistence of a sovereignty dispute that is still unresolved today.

NS/fl

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