Tips for treating cafealea in childhood (Photo: Pixabay)
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Tips for treating cafealea in childhood (Photo: Pixabay)

Migraine is usually associated with a special type of headache suffered by adults. However, boys and girls can also suffer from this chronic disease with episodic manifestations that are repeated over time and with quite specific characteristics that differentiate them from common headaches.

“The prevalence of migraines increases with age. Between 1 and 3% of children from 3 to 7 years old can suffer them; in the case of adolescents, the percentage increases to 8 and 23%”, details the Dr. Cecilia Avancini, Vittal pediatrician.

According to the specialist, although the exact reasons that generate migraines are not known, they are related to dilations and spasms of the cerebral arteries. “Exists a considerable genetic component (Multifactorial polygenic inheritance), since it is normal for there to be a history of migraine in the family of the child who suffers from it. And there is another environmental component because there are multiple factors that can trigger it (such as stress, fatigue, poor sleep, dehydration)”, reports the Dr. Avancini.

Regarding the symptoms, he emphasizes that the main symptomatology is uni/bilateral characteristic headache, frequently frontal that can last for hours, pulsating (pain with each heartbeat), of moderate to severe intensity, worsens when the child moves and is relieved with the dream

The Dr. Avancini points out that “they can be accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, abdominal pain, photophobia (discomfort when looking at light) or phonophobia (discomfort when listening to sounds), paleness, dark circles, sweating.”

On the other hand, migraine can present asymptomatic intervals. “In classic migraine there is a previous period called ‘aura’ in which flashes of light or other signs such as blind spots, changes in vision or tingling in the hand or face are usually seen, which the child notices before the start of the migraine. headache ”, emphasizes the specialist. And she adds: “In young children there may only be recurrent episodes with vomiting, vertigo, stiff neck, abdominal pain.”

The diagnosis of migraine is clinical and for its treatment analgesics such as paracetamol or ibuprofen together with rest, dark and silent place. “Sometimes these measures may not be enough. In the event that there are associated vomiting and intense pain that persist, the child neurologist can prescribe a drug to prevent the appearance of new migraine episodes, but the medication must always be controlled by a professional”, clarifies the Dr. Avancini.

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