The new set of rules on the design of landing sites for aviation does not establish excessive requirements and will reduce the cost of their arrangement. This was stated in the Ministry of Construction.
Earlier, publications appeared in the media stating that the new set of rules, according to aviators, would lead to a hundredfold rise in price for the construction of such facilities and actually block their reconstruction. In particular, Kommersant wrote about this.
The Ministry of Construction explained that the development of the Landing Pads. Design Rules joint venture was initiated by the professional community to create an aviation infrastructure in oil and gas fields as part of the task of loading the Northern Sea Route. Previously, there was no document regulating the requirements for the design of landing sites, especially in oil and gas fields and other hard-to-reach areas. This necessitated the development of special technical conditions (STU) for such facilities, which complicated the examination of project documentation and, as a result, increased the cost of their construction.
The set of rules differentiates the requirements for landing sites of different types (depending on the aircraft, destination of air transportation, type of coverage, etc.). The composition of buildings and structures of the ground infrastructure is determined at the stage of development of the terms of reference. Thus, the document does not establish mandatory requirements for the presence of infrastructure facilities, including a building with separate areas for servicing passengers and cargo, areas for pre-flight security control, premises for employees and mail processing, the Ministry of Construction notes. The requirements for the presence of service and passenger buildings (with a pre-flight security control area and mail processing rooms) are provided only for the needs of commercial air transportation.
According to experts, there is no increase in the cost of construction when using SP 511, the department emphasizes. On the contrary, the new set of rules expands the possibilities of building aviation infrastructure and reduces inefficient financial and time costs, says Maxim Suladze, head of the scientific work and certification department of the Aeroproject Institute of Civil Aviation. “The document provides the necessary regulatory framework and tools for creating various objects, depending on the specific tasks and terrain conditions. Also, this set of rules introduces the actually established and most effective practices for the construction of landing sites into the legal field,” the expert says.
In addition, there are no special requirements for landing sites for gyroplanes, gliders and hang gliders.
SP 511 also establishes different runway width requirements depending on the type of aircraft.
The requirements for the presence of diesel autonomous power plants and the distance of landing sites from the borders of power lines by at least 500 meters are based on the current requirements of federal aviation regulations and other documents. These requirements will not lead to an increase in the cost of arranging landing sites.
The need for certified elements of the lighting equipment system is established by the Air Code. At the same time, similar requirements of SP 511 are applicable only if the relevant infrastructure facilities of the landing sites and their equipment are planned in the design assignment. Additional certification procedures and other regulatory impact for “verified light manufacturers” are not established by the document.
Thus, the new SP 511 does not establish unnecessary and mandatory requirements, including those leading to an unreasonable increase in the cost of building landing sites, sum up the Ministry of Construction. Moreover, the document allows not to develop STU, which reduces both administrative and financial costs.
Prior to the approval of SP 511, a public discussion was held, an examination of the technical committee (TC) 465 “Construction”, within which all the comments of the Airport Association were accepted and taken into account. The set of rules was also agreed with the Ministry of Transport and the Federal Air Transport Agency.