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Peanuts: the two diseases whose risk can be reduced with adequate consumption

The product has benefits, according to experts

CÓRDOBA.- The production of peanut Argentina (more than one million tons) goes practically completely to international markets. The 95% of what is produced is placed in more than one hundred destinationswhile the domestic consumption grows slowly. Companies bet on new products to promote the increase in local consumption and, along these lines, the Peanut butter.

Argentines consume about a kilo of peanuts (in all its presentations) per person per year, according to estimates of the Argentine Chamber of Peanuts.

It is a volume that is in line with Brazil, but well below Europe and the United States, with between three and four kilos per inhabitant/year, and the eight kilos per capita of China (figure strongly impacted by the use of peanut oil).

“We are seeing that there is an increase in domestic demand, but it is very slow because food habits do not change from one day to the next,” he told THE NATION the manager of the Argentine Chamber of Peanuts, Edoardo Francenzani. To graph, he pointed to a number of peanut butter brands that have been added to the shelves in recent times.

Various investigations show that peanuts consumed in adequate amounts every day can help reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes. In addition, it provides satiety, so it could help control weight.

A work carried out between the Argentine Chamber of Peanuts and the United States Peanut Institute He realized that “it has been verified that it maintains stable blood sugar and improves cholesterol in both healthy individuals and those affected by type 2 diabetes. Peanuts have a very low index (GI) on the glycemic scale and a very low glycemic load (GL) due to its high level of fiber, protein and healthy fats”.

The Food and Drug Administration of the United States Government (FDA) issued a report in 2003 stating that “scientific evidence suggests, but does not prove, that eating some 43 grams of most nuts, such as peanutsWhat part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, can reduce the risk of developing heart disease.

Some varieties of peanuts were recently certified by the American Heart Association as heart healthy and allowed the use of the logo with a heart -indicating the benefit- in the packaging. In order to be used, nuts must meet certain nutritional levels, and roasted peanuts meet these criteria.

The product has benefits, according to expertsShutterstock

Peanuts mainly contain Unsaturated fats, the same as olive oil, which helps reduce LDL (bad cholesterol) and increases HDL (good cholesterol). Research shows a 7.2% reduction in LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol among healthy adults who regularly consume peanuts.

also can help keep blood sugar stable throughout the day and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 25%.

An added factor that is important in economies like Argentina is that peanuts are cheaper than other nuts. It costs up to three times less than others with similar health benefits.

Argentina has been on the podium of global peanut exporters for some time now. Its high exportable balance is linked, of course, to the low level of domestic consumption. For both the world and the domestic market, it comes increasing value added. Three years ago, unprocessed peanuts accounted for 60% of global exports and now they are nine percentaccording to data from a report by the Rosario Stock Exchange.

The low internal consumption of peanuts is a cultural and communication issue, according to what they understand from the chamber that brings together the companies. Therefore, to expand internal borders, recipes are disseminated, the nutritional contribution is explained and different segments are explored, such as the energy mix for athletes.

This note was originally published on October 22, 2021

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