Radicalism goes out to military municipal autonomy and presses from the Legislature

The initiative, from legislators Ariel Martínez Bordaisco, Alejandro Cellillo, Flavia Delmonte, David Hirtz, Agustín Máspoli and Érica Revilla, promotes the making of an amendment that is a reform mechanism contemplated in the Provincial Constitution.

In the presentation, the legislators considered that “since 1983, with the beginning of the democratic period, the recognition of the full autonomy of the municipalities has been demanded.”

1.jpg

The initiative was generated by Hirtz and accompanied by the rest of the legislators. During the exhibition held in Mar del Plata, the senator explained that “we are taking the debate on municipal autonomy to every corner of the province. This initiative seeks not only to settle the issue but also to debate it and seek the consensus required to achieve the full autonomy of the municipalities, which are the first window that each resident of the Province has.

In dialogue with Municipalities, Hirtz assured that “we presented the project with the idea of ​​adapting the provincial Constitution to the national one of 1994, which established full autonomy. Something that only three provinces do not have: Santa Fe, Mendoza and Buenos Aires. We are trying to install this theme because it is not something that is only about politics or politicians, it is something about the people. Modernize the legislation so that the municipalities that today have so many responsibilities, that when the regulations were issued did not yet exist, can move with another freedom.

And on the way in which it proposes to debate, he maintains: “We want to discuss the reform of the Constitution in Parliament to vote for it with a minimum of two thirds of the votes and then validate it yes or no in the first general election that occurs ”.

In the foundations of the project, the senators assert that “the reality of the municipalities in Argentina, and particularly in the province of Buenos Aires, has shown that they increasingly absorb a greater number of powers from other government agencies and do not receive parallel the funds or the necessary tax powers to pay for the exercise of these new functions. It is urgent to sanction this initiative to accompany the municipalities”.

The reform of the Constitution of 1994 confirmed and specified the autonomous character of the municipalities. Before and after this reform, the provincial constitutions have been recognizing municipal autonomy, including in almost all of them the right to establish their own forms of government through the drafting of municipal organic charters according to the scope determined by each province.

Senator Martínez Bordaisco indicated that “we need to guarantee the cities that they can propose their own agenda so that they can choose their own destiny, projecting long- and short-term public policies that lead to the development of the region.” And he added: “One of the important axes is economic and financial autonomy, to efficiently manage public spending and guide investments according to the concrete reality of the district.”

In dialogue with Municipalities, the radical senator for the fifth electoral section, Flavia Delmonte, affirms that “municipal autonomy is a pending issue that the Province has with the people of Buenos Aires and it is a flag that radicalism has raised for a long time.” And she adds: “It is almost impossible to believe that the governor or an official on duty can understand, sitting behind a desk hundreds of kilometers away, what is happening in a district. Mayors must be given the possibility, beyond their political color, to resolve together with their community what they need and what the priorities of their municipality are. Municipal autonomy transcends political parties and is a fundamental tool that was revealed in the midst of the pandemic.”

Along the same lines, and also in communication with this medium, the legislator Alejandro Cellillo states that “we intend to make the modification of article 7 to advance in what would be municipal autonomy. Fulfilling a pending issue since 1994. The mayors demand resources and it is not something capricious. Beyond sustaining productive activities in the districts, the collection is not precise and agile so that the municipalities can meet the needs of the people. It has to do with development, education, work, health care, which became evident in the pandemic. It is claimed that the municipalities can dispose of the resources in relation to what they understand from the neighbors. It is an old flag of radicalism.”

It should be remembered that last year, when the modification of the law that limits the re-election of mayors was discussed, the issue was once again disputed. “Limiting re-election is a setback in municipal autonomy,” explained the deputy of the Frente de Todos, Walter Abarca, at the time. And he added: “When the Province of Buenos Aires complies with the constitutional mandate of Article 123, which says that each Province has to guarantee autonomy to each district, each town, Salto, Pergamino, Saladillo, will have to make its own Constitution, and there the people will decide whether or not they want to re-elect the mayor. But limiting re-election from the provincial Legislature is a setback on that road to autonomy.” Finally, the law was modified and the limit was maintained, only changing the start time. This will be from 2027.

1.jpg

The role of the mayors

“It is unusual that in 202 years of history, the most important Province in the country is the most united”. The phrase belongs to the former National Director of Works Development of the Ministry of Transport and Mayor of Castelli, Francisco Echarren.

The communal chief is one of the most active in the claim in favor of municipal autonomy. He thus made it clear through a presentation that he made before the Justice so that the Magna Carta of the province of Buenos Aires is declared unconstitutional.

The reply was not long in coming. And what seemed to be a refusal, according to Echarren, is a wink in favor of his request. The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation resolved unanimously that the challenges of the municipalities against the constitutionality of provincial regulations must be dealt with by the provincial justice in the first instance.

However, the highest court highlighted the importance of municipal autonomy and remarked that “the National Constitution expresses an unequivocal intention regarding the insertion of the municipality in the political life of the country: they are necessary subjects of Argentine federalism endowed with ‘autonomy’ ”.

He was not the only one to activate the municipal machine. From Rivadavia, Javier Reynoso (Together for Change) indicated that “we are going through the process of convening a constituent assembly and we are going to follow the same route as Castelli of going to Court with an organic charter that asks for our autonomy to be recognized. The Castelli thing was a good opportunity for the Court to state that the autonomy of the municipalities should be guaranteed, but it did not happen”.

Along the same lines, the communal chief of the PRO in Pinamar, Martín Yeza, presented last year a project to request municipal autonomy. “I am convinced that we need a province of Buenos Aires that works and for this it is necessary to have autonomous municipalities and that each municipality can establish the rules that best represent its idiosyncrasy and contemplate its particularities. This is not an issue against the province of Buenos Aires”, he assured at the time.

Leave a Reply