Report says that Duque leaves “hunger, war and setbacks in human rights”

the president of Colombia, Ivan Dukeis two months away from concluding his government, leaving a legacy of “hunger and war” that has made the country go backwards “in fundamental elements of human rights,” some 500 social organizations denounced this Tuesday.

The report “Hunger and war: the legacy of the apprentice”, released by the Colombian Platform for Human Rights, Democracy and Development (PCDHDD), the Colombia Europe United States Coordination (CCEEU) and the Alliance of Social and Related Organizations, analyzes six dimensions from a human rights perspective.

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“It is a legacy that comes from an authoritarian line and that has historically violated human rights,” said one of the spokespersons for the Alliance of Social and Related Organizations, Aura Rodríguez, during the presentation of the report in Bogotá.

In this sense, the document concludes that Duque leaves “the biggest humanitarian crisis since the peace agreement was signed” with the FARC, in November 2016, derived from a growth in violence, with the reactivation of the armed conflict and the paramilitary expansion and poverty.

PEACE AND POVERTY

In the last four years, the Duque government has led “attacks on the peace process under the impression that it was being carried out”, but its strategy of “peace with legality” “has not improved security guarantees or the factors of the conflict ”, detailed Alberto Yepes, coordinator of the Human Rights and Humanitarian Law Observatory.

This has led the Administration to the “need to constantly lie about its presumed achievements” at the same time that “a large part of the agreements have been paralyzed,” added Yepes.

“The responsibility for the humanitarian crisis and the reactivation of the war lies with the Government of Duque for not fulfilling the commitments assumed by the State with the peace agreement to put an end to the violence,” the report states.

The document adds that “issues such as dismantling paramilitarism, reforming security agencies and guaranteeing the free exercise and non-violent repression of social protest, are undoubtedly issues in which this government failed.”

Another of the great reproaches of social organizations to the Government is the increase in poverty and inequality in the country, which have caused Colombia to return to indicators registered in 2002 due to “the decisions and the way in which it has been interpreted the pandemic,” activist Juan Bernardo Rosado lamented during the presentation.

During the health crisis due to the pandemic, employment was reduced by 11% and the average income per person by 13.4%, while the Gini coefficient (4.3%), poverty (8.1%) increased and extreme poverty (6.4%), collects the report.

ENVIRONMENT AND REPRESENTATIVENESS

“The president has sold himself as a great defender of the environment,” but he has led “Operation Artemisa,” which has been marked by an “anti-guerrilla orientation without any consequence on deforestation and human rights violations,” Rosado attacked.

He also criticized the promises broken by Duque, such as that there would be no “fracking” in Colombia or that the Escazú Agreement would be approved, the first large-scale environmental agreement in Latin America.

On the other hand, during the last four years there has also been “an undermining of the pillars of democracy because there have been no differential approaches”, such as gender, for example, which is not being implemented, said Ces Badillo, a member of the Affirmative Caribbean work.

The lack of participation has been another of Duque’s great suspense, according to spokespersons for social organizations, who recall that “democracy without broad and plural participation is simply talking about an electoral exercise,” in the words of Badillo.

CRITICISM OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY

Although the international community “has always been willing to help peace”, it has been “lenient with the human rights situation” in Colombia, while its priority to the economic agenda is “concerned”, something that has an impact on poverty, inequality and violence, according to activist Diana Sánchez.

In addition, “the Government instrumentalized the international community that responded with silence to the strengthening of armed actors, the increase in drug trafficking and poverty.”

This report is presented “at a central moment of decision-making, where democracy and peace must be something to continue insisting on”, for which the platforms and signatory organizations propose to the next Government a humanitarian, human rights agenda and far-reaching peace.

Duque’s replacement will be chosen next Sunday at the polls between leftist Gustavo Petro and independent populist Rodolfo Hernández and will take office on August 7.

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