Among the strategies applied by the Territorial Grain Research Station (ETIG) Sur del Jíbaro, from La Sierpe in Sancti Spíritus is the extension of chickpea cultivation to agricultural areas in the central region of the country. The objective is to diversify the grain production of the territorial food self-sufficiency program and substitute imports.
The municipality ventures this year into the production of the aforementioned legume and already has the registered seeds of four varietiessome of them still in the process of being evaluated by the institution itself, with a view to completing their sowing in the current cold season at the Chorrera various crop farm of the Natividad Base Business Unit.
Researcher Jorge García de la Osa, in charge of the grain extension program at ETIG Sur del Jibaro, explained that in Experimental studies on chickpea cultivation confirmed its tolerance to drought conditions, among the susceptibilities of most of the productive areas of the territory due to the lack of irrigation systems.
It signified the capacity of these varieties to take advantage of the residual humidity of the rains; and clarified that they are resistant to Tris, a pest that strongly attacks beans:
“We are convinced that good yields can be achieved with only the foliar application of biological fertilizers, among the main benefits,” he said.
He added that, in this territory of Spiritu, with a manifest mono-productive culture of rice, it was necessary to reinforce the training of producers in order to progressively extend the sowing of chickpeas, from which significant productive and economic contributions can be obtained, if it is They comply at the foot of the furrow with the technological requirements.
The planting of the areas during the optimum season, which is between November 15 and the 30 of the same month, is considered essential, said García de la Osa, who recommends supporting water irrigation during the flowering and grain filling stage. .
(With information from Escambray)