Data for the first seven months of 2022 suggest that this will be, to date, the hottest and driest year in Italy, according to the Institute of Atmosphere and Climate Science of the Italian National Research Council (ISAC-CNR).
Between January and July temperatures were 0.98 degrees Celsius above average for the same period since 1800, when data began to be recorded.
“If 2022 ended now, it would be the hottest year ever,” Michele Brunetti, one of the representatives of the Italian National Research Council (ISAC-CNR), told ANSA news agency.
According to the data, rainfall levels for 2022 so far are 46 percent lower than the average for this period, and northern Italy is the most affected by this shortage, with a rainfall level 52 percent higher. low, and 42% in the center and south of the country.
In mid-July, half of the European Union’s territory was at risk due to prolonged drought, which is expected to cause a decline in crop yields in several countries, according to a report by the European Commission.
In Europe, according to experts, the southern countries and the Mediterranean area will be most affected by the lack of water due to climate change.
In addition to Italy, with a third of agricultural production at risk and where a state of emergency has been declared in five regions, the drought is affecting much of France, already with restrictions on water consumption in several regions of the country, and the Switzerland, where the army is bringing water for livestock in alpine areas.
The UK and US have recently had heat waves and the Horn of Africa region is experiencing the worst drought in four decades, which has left more than 23 million people facing “extreme hunger” in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. , according to a report published in May by the organizations Save the Children and Oxfam.
In June, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, said that the drought “affects all regions in an increasingly severe and frequent way”, and could affect three quarters of the world’s population by the middle of this century.