The average temperature in Sweden has increased by almost two degrees centigrade (ºC) since the end of the 19th century, snow cover lasts two weeks less and precipitation has increased, indicated a report on climate change in this Nordic country.
According to a report by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), the average temperature in the country was 1.9 °C higher in the period 1991-2000 compared to the period 1861-1890.
The SMHI noted that the recorded changes were twice as important as those observed in world average temperatures at the same time.
The meteorological agency stated that it had never carried out such an extensive analysis in time, considering so many different indicators of climate change.
The results “clearly show that the climate in Sweden has changed,” Semjon Schimanke, a climatologist and head of the SMHI project, said in a statement.
“Hotter weather with more precipitation in Sweden closely follows global warming that results from human influence on the climate,” added Erik Kjellstrom, Professor of Climatology, at SMHI.
All series of observations do not cover the same period, specified the meteorological agency, which advanced that rainfall has increased since 1930, from around 600 millimeters to close to 700 from the year 2000.
In contrast, winter snow cover has decreased by 16 days on average between 1991 and 2020 compared to the period 1961-1990.
The SMHI stressed that observations are annual averages and that the picture becomes more complex when specific regions or seasons are considered.
“For example, the increase in precipitation is mainly linked to the increase in precipitation in autumn and winter, with no evident trends in spring and summer”, according to the agency, which added that “changes in extremes are generally more difficult to identify”.
The UN climate summit ended in Egypt last weekend.
If it led to a historic agreement on financing measures to help vulnerable countries face the effects of climate change, on the other hand, it was heavily criticized for its lack of ambition in terms of reducing emissions.