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The advancement of women in the presidential race

How the Bolsonaro government used Flávio and Eduardo to calm Milton Ribeiro

Women advance in politics: seven candidates for the presidency and vice were defined yesterday, at the end of the cycle of party conventions.

It is a record in the last hundred years, since activists Maria Lacerda de Moura, a professor, and Bertha Lutz, a biologist, started a feminist movement in São Paulo for equal rights.

Four candidates overcame all obstacles within their respective parties: Simone Tebet (MDB), Soraya Thonickle (União Brasil), Sofia Manzano (PCB) and Vera Lúcia (PSTU).

Two of them, Simone Tebet and Soraya Thonickle, are senators from Mato Grosso do Sul, which is home to only 1.4% of the national electorate. Both stood out in a parliamentary arena, the CPI da Pandemia, where women did not have the right to voice and vote, by decision of the parties themselves. There was a rebellion that imposed a “women’s bench” on the parliamentary commission of inquiry, an experience reproduced in other legislative commissions.

In the composition of the presidential slates, three women were chosen for vice-presidency: Ana Paula Matos (PDT), Samara Martins (União Popular) and Raquel Tremembé (PSTU). There would be another, Fátima Pérola Neggra, if it weren’t for the absolute uncertainty arising from the legal mess in which PROS, her party, got into.

There was a significant increase in female participation in the dispute for the Planalto Palace. If nothing changes until Monday the 15th, the deadline for the definitive registration of names, they must make up 36% of the options in the electronic voting machines for the presidency of the Republic.

Even so, political gender representation remains lagged: women are the majority (53%) in the electorate — they account for 82.3 million of the available votes against 74 million for men.

A curious aspect is that in this contingent of voters eligible to vote in October, there are 87,400 with 100 years of age or more completed by the last July 19, according to the Superior Electoral Court.

In the country that already had a president, Dilma Rousseff, removed from power by impeachment, this significant increase in the number of women in the presidential race signals a change in the agenda of electoral debates, starting next week. Gender inequality tends to permeate the discussion of national problems – an objective of Maria Lacerda de Moura and Bertha Lutz in the pioneering feminist mobilization of a hundred years ago.

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