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The utilization of natural gas reservoirs in Germany reached 100 percent in the first half of the week, according to the European Union, the GIE according to your data. Europe’s largest economy increased its reserves despite Russia halting shipments to the country following its invasion of Ukraine.

The full reservoirs guarantee a reassuring level of supply for the population and industry during the winter months.

At the same time, Germany met the savings goals earlier than planned, as the capacity already reached the 95 percent level set for November in mid-October.

They happened to reach full capacity on the same day when the first LNG terminal built for the transmission of liquefied natural gas, which was specifically designed to replace Russian gas, opened. The pier in Wilhelmshafen was rebuilt in 194 days. A total of five terminals are planned to be opened, which will be able to transfer the amount corresponding to Hungary’s three-year gas consumption into the German gas network.

Klaus Müller, president of the Federal Network Agency, assessed the two parallel events as a “double success”, according to whom Germany needs the momentum right now.

Greater gas savings than expected

The success of gas management is partly due to alternative sources. Russian gas is mostly replaced by imports of liquefied natural gas from Norway and the United States – he noted Deutsche Welle.

After the stoppage of Russian imports, both the population and the industry heeded the calls for savings, and the particularly mild autumn also favored the reduction of gas consumption. The beginning of the heating season exceeded all expectations, when much less gas had to be burned than in previous years.

Hungary also consumed less gas than usual: energy consumption in August, for example, was 8 percent lower than a year earlier.

In order to avoid an energy crisis, outdated oil and coal-fired power plants were temporarily restarted in Germany, and the life of the last three operating nuclear power plants was extended.

Germany and Poland nationalize Gazprom’s subsidiaries

In Germany, meanwhile, it was announced that the subsidiary of the Russian energy industry giant Gazprom would be nationalized. Behind the decision is the final eradication of Russia’s energy dependence.

The new name of the former Gazprom Germania Securing Energy for Europe, abbreviated as SEFE, which is responsible for guaranteeing European energy security. The company indirectly controls Germany’s largest gas reservoir in Rehden in the northwest – written by also Deutsche Welle.

A similar step was announced in Poland, where the Minister of Development announced: Warsaw will take over the management of Gazprom’s company there and take possession of its assets.

The German decision was made after the European Commission opened the way for nationalization with its support of 225.6 million euros, almost HUF 93 billion.

The German government argued that the move was essential to protect energy security amid Russia’s ongoing war in Ukraine.

Berlin brought the company under its effective control back in April, but the ownership remains unclear. Because of this, business partners and banks were reluctant to continue business relations.

“The situation threatened the continuation of SEFE’s business activities, and thus the gas supply,” explained the German Ministry of Economy for the decision on nationalization.

The Russian Gazprom, now owned by the German state, practically lost its stake in the company.

At the same time, Poland also announced that it will take over Russia’s 48 percent stake in Europolgaz, which owns the Polish section of the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline.

The more than four thousand kilometer long pipeline connects the natural gas fields of Russia’s Yamal Peninsula and Western Siberia with Poland and Germany. “This is how we ensure the safety of Poland’s critical infrastructure” – He told Polish Development Minister Waldemar Buda.

Back in April, Warsaw imposed sanctions on fifty Russian oligarchs and companies, including Gazprom, in retaliation for Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Moscow, meanwhile, halted gas supplies to Poland after Warsaw refused to pay in rubles.

“According to the Polish constitution, expropriation is not possible, that’s why we decided to order forced farming” – quoted Buda is Reuters.

(Cover image: The Wilhelmshafen LNG terminal. Photo: (Adam Berry/Getty Images)