Everyone is attentive to the information about the strange flight of Emtrasur’s Boeing 747-300, and it is possible that curiosity – and indignation – will increase if some details that make up the bureaucracy of this type of air cargo operations are known. .
First of all, all international flights must have the authorization of the country where they are going. The first Argentine organization that intervenes in these essential procedures is the Directorate of Air Transport in charge of Dr. Florencia Dovichi, which is part of the National Civil Aviation Administration (ANAC), whose head is Lic. Paola Tamburelli, an organization that in turn depends on the Ministry of Transport. For a plane to be authorized, the aeronautical authority must know the airworthiness conditions of the plane, the pilots’ licenses, their psychophysical (health control certificates) and current insurance, among other requirements. In other words, you must know everything about the operation. To have all the details of the flight of the Venezuelan-Iranian Jumbo (there are complaints indicating that the transfer of the aircraft never took place), the ANAC should only press a key in its computer systems, but it seems that this time it has not been so automatically have the “x-ray” of the operation.
In terms of security, and according to published information, Paraguay would have warned about the flights of the aircraft in question in recent times, while the United States would have the aircraft on a “black list” to which even the oil companies paid attention. that refuel at airports.
When the flight arrived in Buenos Aires, the weather conditions were of very low visibility due to fog, so the B747 registration YV3531 had to choose alternative airports capable of receiving it; in the first place he tried to land in Montevideo, but the attentive authorities of that country quickly rejected him; from that air station had to decide to land in Córdoba. According to photos taken at the Engineer Ambrosio Taravella International Airport in Cordoba, the plane opened its doors there, so the flight was “nationalized” (Customs intervention, Migration, etc.), or should have been nationalized. There, the Gedec (General Declaration) had to be presented, a declaration where all the data of the crew and passengers -if any-, cargo, etc., are recorded. This document is very important. Perhaps that is where the questions began that brought the Emtrasur flight and its bulky crew to the front page of all the country’s media without being able to hide.
Regarding the Transponder, a piece of equipment that allows aircraft in flight to be identified on the traffic control radar, it would be very strange if it had “turned off”. That suspicion would have arisen from the portals specialized in tracking flights in their free versions, which are not usually as accurate as the paid or premium ones. In any case, it would be strange and without much purpose for that to have happened on the flight from Córdoba to Ezeiza, in addition, the primary radar of Ezeiza was working so that some tracking of the plane’s trajectory could be carried out.
The questions that arise from this episode are many, several of them will be answered by the ongoing judicial investigation, others will have already been elucidated by the intelligence services of the nations that were concerned about the YV3531 flight. In the bureaucratic, the ANAC must provide all the details that are in its possession or answer why it does not have them. Airport authorities should do the same with respect to Gedec.
In Paraguay, two officials from the National Directorate of Civil Aviation (Dinac) and an airport official, Luis Afar, have already been removed from their positions. Nothing like that has happened here.
Another Argentine paradox is that the aeronautical authority in terms of safety (security not safety), understood as ANAC, the Argentine Air Navigation Company (EANA) and the Ministry of Security, is suffocatingly demanding in the control of aerial work aircraft. –especially aero-application– that operate north of parallel 29º S, known as the Air Defense Identification Zone. However, the most serious irregularities seem to be registered in key airports.
The famous suitcase of Antonini Wilson was detected because the passenger entered through a sector of Aeroparque other than the one he should have; perhaps the Emtrasur flight was “uncovered” because a dense fog covered Buenos Aires. Ironies of fate.
*Military and commercial pilot. Degree in Political Science and Master in Economics and Political Science. Airmarket Director.
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