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This week the Executive sent to Congress of the Nation the bill care in equality. The text, which was prepared by the Ministry of Women, Gender and Diversity of the Nation with the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security. ANDestablishes the creation of Comprehensive Care System of Argentina with a gender perspective (Sinca) and the modification of the licensing regime in the public and private sectors, expanding the rights of pregnant, non-pregnant and adoptive workers who work in a dependency relationship or are monotributistas, social monotributistas or self-employed.

It is called “care work” to all the activities that each person carries out on a daily basis to ensure their own subsistence and that of others, such as: cooking, cleaning, ordering, shopping or taking care of children, adolescents, the elderly or people with disabilities who require support of some kind. “These are tasks related to reproduction, well-being and sustaining life, because we all were, are and will be cared for at some point in our lives,” says the text presented.

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In Argentina, according to the time use module that was incorporated in 2013 into the Annual Survey of Urban Households (EAHU), the weather average social dedicated to care work unpaid is very unequal. The women spend 5.7 hours per day doing care work unpaid while men dedicate an average of only two hours a day.

In the pandemicaccording to the study on the impact of covid-19 on households in the Greater Buenos Aires of the Indec, the burden of care increased and was absorbed above all by women (65% of cases). This feminization of free care work not only has an impact on the economic life of women, which explains a large part of the “inactivity”, unemployment and informality in Argentina, but also produces poverty Y inequality in families. The preliminary results of the Usage Survey Time 2021 presented last Thursday reproduce that same reality, that is, a greater dedication of women compared to men to care responsibilities.

The project recognizes straight of all people to receive Y provide careas well as the right to self care; and promotes gender equality because it makes visible social and economic value of care and recognizes it as a job, whether it is carried out within homes, in the community, public or private sphere. Currently, much of care work is done in an invisible and unpaid way. In addition, it helps to overcome sexual division of laborwhich is the idea that there are jobs for women and jobs for men and determines inequalities in it access a human rights fundamental. Today, this division makes women and LGBTQ+ develop in poorly paid or precarious areas and that the burden of care falls on them to a greater extent, they assured in the presentation of the plan.

The initiative proposes to protect all people who care, whether paid or not, and also all those who need care: children and adolescents, with priority up to the age of 5 inclusive; people 60 years of age or older, when required; and people with disabilities.

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One of the highlights of the project is the reform to the regime from licenses. In the construction of a care system, the leave policy is a central piece to achieve co-responsibility between genders.

Currently, the country is below the recommendations of the International Labor OrganizationSince the maternity leave is ninety days (almost 13 weeks) and that of paternity It’s only two days. If the project is approved, Argentina would happen to be at Vanguard of the existing regimes in the region.

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