Even after the 2022 parliamentary elections, the Fidesz faction is the most populous in the parliamentary horseshoe, followed by their ally, the KDNP. The largest faction on the opposition side is the Democratic Coalition.
Faction instead of government
Máté Kocsis after his university years, he was an activist at Fidesz. In 2006, he obtained the mandate of a municipal representative in Józsefváros. He was elected mayor, became a member of the Metropolitan Assembly, and from 2009 to 2018 ruled Józsefváros as mayor.
Between 2012 and 2016 he was the communications director of Fidesz, and between 2015 and 2019 he was the party’s president in Budapest. He won individual parliamentary seats in 2010 and 2018, and was deputy leader from 2010 to 2014. In the cycle from 2018 to 2022, he worked as the leader of the Fidesz faction in the Parliament.
In addition to politics, Máté Kocsis was the Vice President of the FTC from 2010 to 2018, a member of the Board of the FTC Handball Division from 2011 to 2014, and the President of the Hungarian Handball Association since 2015.
Chancellor Gergely Gulyás told the Government Information on April 21 that Viktor Orbán had offered Máté Kocsis government in the new term, but the leader of the faction indicated that if he could choose, he would remain at the head of the parliamentary group.
He also headed a ministry
István Simicskó he has been a member of the KDNP since the change of regime, and has been a Member of Parliament since 1998. From 2000 to 2002 he was the State Secretary for National Security in the Prime Minister’s Office, from 2006 to 2010 he was the Chairman of the National Security Committee of the National Assembly, the Parliamentary State Secretary for the
Between 2015 and 2018, the Christian Democrat politician held the position of Minister of Defense. From 2020, he will lead the KDNP faction. Like Máté Kocsis, István Simicskó is one of the vice-presidents of the Hungarian Pentathlon Association.
István Simicskó has been teaching for more than twenty years, currently at the National University of Public Administration and the Károli Gáspár Reformed University. The politician has been kungfuz for nearly thirty years and is a 5th degree master of the martial arts department at WingTsun.
He was prime minister
Ferenc Gyurcsány before the change of regime, he was active in the Communist Youth Union and then in the Democratic Youth Union. In the years after the change of regime, he was active in the financial sector, where he also held the position of CEO and owner.
In 2002, in the cabinet of Péter Medgyessy, he was the Chief Strategic Adviser to the Prime Minister, and later the Minister of Youth and Sports of the Medgyessy Government. After the resignation of Péter Medgyessy, the MSZP nominated Ferenc Gyurcsány as Prime Minister, and the National Assembly was elected Prime Minister on 29 September 2004.
The Ferenc Gyurcsány won the 2006 election, but the ensuing period is memorable for the leak in the autumn speech, the street events in 2006 and the global economic crisis. Ferenc Gyurcsány resigned as prime minister in 2009.
However, he did not let go of his political ambitions after that, in 2010 he went to the Parliament from the list of the MSZP. In 2011, he separated from the Socialists with several of his comrades and formed his own party, the Democratic Coalition.
In 2014, DK ran in the election as part of a left-wing coalition, Ferenc Gyurcsány won a list seat from here, but the party did not have enough representatives to form a faction. In 2018, however, they crossed the 5 percent threshold on their own. Starting in 2022 as part of the six-party coalition, the DK has become the largest opposition parliamentary force, and the 15-member faction will be led again by Ferenc Gyurcsány.
He leaves the party, stays with the faction
A lawyer in a civilian Bertalan Tóth he started politicizing in the MSZP of Pécs, in 2002 he became a representative of the local government of Pécs, and between 2006 and 2009 he also held the position of deputy mayor of the city. Between 2010 and 2014, he was again a municipal representative.
Bertalan Tóth was a Member of Parliament for the first time in 2006–2007, but resigned in favor of the mayor of Pécs, Péter Tasnádi. In 2014, the MSZP started the election as part of a left-wing coalition, with Bertalan Tóth on the list.
He has been leading the Socialist parliamentary faction since 2016, and is also the party’s co-chair until the next re-election. Bertalan Tóth announced at the end of April that he would not resume for the position of co-chair, but he would continue to lead the faction.
Speeches and a bag of fries
Jakab Péter he worked as a history teacher, since 2010 he has been the representative of Jobbik in Miskolc, and since 2016 he has been the party’s national spokesperson. In the 2018 parliamentary elections, he lost 127 votes against the pro-government Katalin Csöbör in an extremely close battle and won a list mandate.
Péter Jakab took over the leadership of the parliamentary faction after the 2019 EP elections, and in 2020 he was elected chairman of the party. In the opposition pre-election of 2021, Jobbik was the candidate for prime minister, but he failed to get into the second round, ahead of Klára Dobrev, Gergely Karácsony and Péter Márki-Zay. Jobbik will run for presidency again on Saturday’s re-election, and he will be the faction’s first man in the new term as well.
The politician in the parliament regularly criticizes the ruling parties in a harsh tone, bringing to the Chamber, among other things, a bag of potatoes, a bag of dry pasta and an orange roll. László Kövér once received a fine of nearly ten million forints from the Speaker.
One of the rookies
András Fekete-Győr In 2013 he did an internship at the law firm of Nagy and Trócsányi, in 2014 he did an internship at the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris. He worked for a short time at General Electric in Budapest and then in the office of CSU politician Hans-Peter Friedrich in Berlin.
He participated in the founding of Momentum, leading the party until the post-election pre-election in 2021. András Fekete-Győr ran as a candidate for Prime Minister in the pre-election, he finished in the last place, then he was replaced, but he was given the position of the leader of the faction.
He built a party after the exclusion
László Toroczkai he started politicizing at the Hungarian Justice and Life Party (MIÉP), in 1998 he was a party candidate. In 2001, he founded the Sixty-Four County Youth Movement. László Toroczkai also worked as a journalist, first at the Hungarian Forum and later at the Hungarian Present, where he was editor-in-chief.
In 2010 he went to the Csongrád County Assembly from the list of Jobbik. He was elected mayor of Ásotthalom on 15 December 2013, and was re-elected in 2014 and 2019.
He was elected one of the vice-presidents of Jobbik in 2016, he ran for the presidency of the party after the 2018 election, with Dóra Dúró standing as his future vice-president. They defeated the duo Tamás Sneider – Márton Gyöngyösi at the congress, and László Toroczkai was expelled from the party.
The flag of the Our Country Movement was dismantled in the summer of 2018, and in the 2022 parliamentary elections they reached the parliament with a 5.88 percent list result, the party faction will be led by László Toroczkai.
You can find our interview with László Toroczkai here.
Will he be party chairman?
Bence Tordai worked at the Central Statistical Office as a social statistician, and from 2007 to 2015 he was an assistant professor at the Budapest College of Communication (now Budapest Metropolitan University).
He was a founding member and former spokesman for the LMP, but also left during the breakup in 2013, becoming a member of the Dialogue for Hungary. From 2018 he is a Member of Parliament, Deputy Leader of the Dialogue Group.
In the 2021 opposition pre-election, he defeated Olga Kálmán in the No. 4 individual constituency of Budapest. On April 3, he also overtook his pro-government opponent, Csaba Gór.
Bence Tordai will be the party’s leader until the September session, after which Tímea Szabó will take his place. Gergely Karácsony will not start again for the position of co-chair, he will suggest Bence Tordai instead.
In the previous cycle, Bence Tordai repeatedly asked Viktor Orbán live in the meeting room on Facebook. One of its similar actions was fined HUF 8.2 million.
The face of LMP
Péter Ungár He became an LMP activist in 2010, joined the party in 2013, and later served as the LMP’s international secretary and then as a member of the European Green Party’s presidency. He was also a member of the LMP board.
Between 2014 and 2018 II. district municipal representative, currently secretary of the LMP. The wealthy politician, who owns several online newspapers, was unable to defeat Csaba Czeglédy in the 2021 opposition pre-election in the Szombathely-centric constituency, but entered the parliament from the joint list, where he was elected LMP faction leader. Péter Ungár was a guest of Index Kibeszélő at the end of April, you can find the show here.
The most memorable debates of the 2021 parliamentary season have been gathered in this material.
(Cover image: Index)