Today's ephemeris, June 14: This happened in the world on a day like today

On June 14, but in 1982, forty years ago, the Malvinas War with the surrender of the Argentine Army to British forces. Argentina, which claims sovereignty over the Malvinas, clashed with the United Kingdom after the military junta that de facto governed the country resolved a landing on the islands on April 2 of that year. In the conflict, which lasted 73 days, 649 Argentines, 255 British and three islanders died.

OTHER ANNOUNCEMENTS

1699.- Presentation at the Royal Society of London of the first steam engineby the English mechanic Thomas Savery.

1791.- The French Republic proclaims the freedom of work.

LOOK: They detect the first case of monkeypox in Venezuela

1777.- The Second US Continental Congress adopts the new nation’s flag, its famous stars and stripes.

1904.- Failure of the Russian Army in PortArthur.

1905.- The crew of Russian battleship “Potemkin” he rebels and shoots the commander and several officers.

1914.- World War I. A squadron of German planes bombs London, causing hundreds of casualties.

1920.- For the first time an artist makes herself heard in Europe through the radio: The singer Nelia Melba, who was performing in London, was heard in Paris.

1940.- World War II: Entry of the German Army in Paris.

1942.- Anne Frank He begins to write his diary.

1949.- A Vietnamese State is proclaimed under the Government of Bao Dai.

1962.- It sets the European Space Research Organization (ESRO)an organization mainly oriented to the development of satellites.

1964.- President Francis Duvalierwho has been in office since 1957, is invested as president for life of the Republic of Haiti.

1966.- The Vatican abolished the Index librorum prohibitorumlist of censored books.

1985.- Lebanese Shia militiamen TWA plane hijacked when flying from Athens to Rome with 153 passengers on board. The kidnapping lasted 16 days.

1992.- The Earth Summit adopts Agenda 21 in Rio de Janeiro, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Developmentand the Declaration of Principles on Forests.

1993.- Inaugurated in Vienna the second World Conference on Human Rightswhich was overshadowed by the boycott of invited Nobel Peace Prize laureates.

1994.- Inauguration of the IV Ibero-American Summit in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia), attended by 21 Heads of State and Government.

nineteen ninety five.- A Chechen commando takes a hospital in Budyonovsk (Russia) and entrenched with 1,500 hostages causing 129 dead and more than 400 wounded.

2000.- The leaders of North and South Korea, Kim Jong-il and Kim Dae-jungsign a historic agreement in which they undertake to collaborate for the eventual reunification of the peninsula.

2002.- Russia leaves the nuclear disarmament treaty START-II, after the US exit from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM).

2005.- The Supreme Court of Argentina declares unconstitutional the Full Stop and Due Obedience laws.

2006.- The Mexican State Police evicts from the center of the capital of the state of oaxaca to thousands of teachers who demonstrated demanding higher wages.

2007.- After several days of siege, Hamas takes control of Gaza and the Palestinian president, Mahmud Abbas, dissolves the Government of national unity.

2010.- Land in the Australian desert Woomera the japanese space probe Hayabusaafter spending seven years off the planet to collect samples from the asteroid Itokawa.

2012.- The Congress of Colombia approves the Legal Framework for Peace.

2013.- The diplomat from Antigua and Barbuda John Ashenew president of the UN General Assembly.

2016.- Looting and strong riots due to food shortages in several states of Venezuela.

2017.- 72 people die in the fire of the Grenfell tenement tower From london.

BIRTHS

1906.-Margaret Bourke-WhiteAmerican photojournalist.

1928.- Ernesto “Che” GuevaraCuban revolutionary of Argentine origin.

1937.- Spartacus Santoniactor and film producer of Italian-Venezuelan origin.

1939.- Manuel Vázquez MontalbanSpanish writer.

1946.- Donald TrumpAmerican politician and businessman.

1958.- Olaf Scholf, German politician.

1969.- Steffi GrafGerman tennis player

1973.- CotiArgentine singer and songwriter.

1982.- Lang LangChinese pianist.

DEATHS

1920.- Max WeberGerman sociologist.

1936.- Gilbert Keith ChestertonBritish writer.

1968.- Salvatore QuasimodoItalian poet, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1959.

1986.- Jorge Luis BorgesArgentine writer.

1994.-Henry Mancini, American composer.

1999.- Osvaldo DragunArgentine director and playwright.

2007.- Kurt WaldheimAustrian politician.

2011.- Augusto Ramírez Ocampoformer Colombian foreign minister.

2018.- Stanislav GovorukhinRussian film director.

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