Ukraine’s attorney general Andriy Kostin said on Sunday that 47,000 potential war crimes were registered in the country and called for a special international court to investigate and try Russia’s “crime of aggression”.
“There is no doubt that the extent of the crimes committed by the Russian army” since February 24, when it began the military attack on Ukraine, “is simultaneously brutal and colossal”, said Andriy Kostin, in a videoconference intervention from Kiev, at the 68th International Conference. th annual session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, which takes place in Madrid.
The prosecutor said that the Ukrainian authorities, with the support of experts and international entities, have so far “47,000 incidents registered as war crimes”, which include torture, murders, sexual assaults or forced displacement and transport of populations “on a massive scale”. , destined for what could be considered “concentration camps”.
Andriy Kostin pointed out that Russia has a strategy of attacking civilians in Ukraine, with 8,000 non-military dead, including 400 children, identified so far.
The prosecutor recalled “the rain of missiles on Ukrainian cities” and critical infrastructure in recent weeks, which he considered “acts of terror and intimidation against the civilian population”, with the destruction of homes and other vital infrastructure for Ukrainians, such as power plants.
Andriy Kostin said that several regions of Ukraine, such as the capital, Kiev, are already experiencing negative temperatures and “severe humanitarian situations for the winter” are being created, questioning how the population will be able to survive in these circumstances, without energy or heating, and considered that this dimension is concerned with Russia’s war crimes.
“Our needs, our claims and our pleas are quite simple. We need to stop this war as soon as possible to liberate our territories and restore our sovereignty and our territorial integrity. And we need to guarantee justice to victims and survivors of the atrocities committed by the Russian Federation, we need to put an end to Russia’s impunity”, said the Ukrainian attorney general.
Andriy Kostin, called on the international community “to support the establishment of a tribunal for the crime of aggression, to try the masterminds of the crime” namely, the Russian President and supreme head of Russia’s armed forces, Vladimir Putin, and “the entire elite Russian” involved.
The crime of aggression must also be tried because it is “the starting point, which precedes all other war crimes”, he defended.
The prosecutor also insisted on the need to guarantee “reparation” and compensation to Ukrainians for the destruction of the country and “civilian property”, through the confiscation of Russian property.
“Europe has not witnessed this destruction since World War II” and new “international mechanisms must be adopted to confiscate the assets of the perpetrators”, he defended, warning how, under international law, it has been difficult to execute decisions in this regard, as some dictated by bodies such as the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice or the European Court of Human Rights.
At the end of Andriy Kostin’s intervention, a spokesman for the Political Commission of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly said that a resolution will be adopted at this Madrid meeting that defends “the establishment of an international tribunal to investigate and judge the crime of aggression committed by Russia in this war against Ukraine”.
This year’s session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the military alliance between European and North American countries) ends on Monday, with a plenary in which there will be an intervention by the President of Ukraine, by videoconference.
The NATO Parliamentary Assembly comprises 269 deputies from the 30 countries of the Alliance and another 100 members from partner states.